Fast wave absorption at the Alfvén resonance during ion cyclotron resonance heating

Jukka Heikkinen, Thorbjörn Hellsten, Mikko Alava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For ICRH scenarii where the majority cyclotron resonance intersects the plasma core, mode conversion of the fast magnetosonic wave to an Alfvén wave takes place at the plasma boundary on the high field side. Simple analytical estimates of the converted power for this mode conversion process are derived and compared with numerical calculations including finite electron inertia and kinetic effects. The converted power is found to depend on the local value of the wave field as well as on plasma parameters at the Alfvén wave resonance. The interference with the reflected wave will therefore modify the mode conversion. If the conversion layer is localized near the wall, the conversion will be strongly reduced. The conversion coefficient is found to be strongest for small density gradients and high density and it is sensitive to the value of the parallel wave number. Whether it increases or decreases with the latter depends on the ion composition. Analysis of this problem for ICRH in JET predicts that a large fraction of the power is mode converted at the plasma boundary for first harmonic heating of tritium in a deuterium-tritium plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417 - 429
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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cyclotron resonance
heating
ions
tritium
reflected waves
inertia
deuterium
interference
harmonics
gradients
kinetics
coefficients
estimates
electrons

Cite this

Heikkinen, Jukka ; Hellsten, Thorbjörn ; Alava, Mikko. / Fast wave absorption at the Alfvén resonance during ion cyclotron resonance heating. In: Nuclear Fusion. 1991 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 417 - 429.
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title = "Fast wave absorption at the Alfv{\'e}n resonance during ion cyclotron resonance heating",
abstract = "For ICRH scenarii where the majority cyclotron resonance intersects the plasma core, mode conversion of the fast magnetosonic wave to an Alfv{\'e}n wave takes place at the plasma boundary on the high field side. Simple analytical estimates of the converted power for this mode conversion process are derived and compared with numerical calculations including finite electron inertia and kinetic effects. The converted power is found to depend on the local value of the wave field as well as on plasma parameters at the Alfv{\'e}n wave resonance. The interference with the reflected wave will therefore modify the mode conversion. If the conversion layer is localized near the wall, the conversion will be strongly reduced. The conversion coefficient is found to be strongest for small density gradients and high density and it is sensitive to the value of the parallel wave number. Whether it increases or decreases with the latter depends on the ion composition. Analysis of this problem for ICRH in JET predicts that a large fraction of the power is mode converted at the plasma boundary for first harmonic heating of tritium in a deuterium-tritium plasma.",
author = "Jukka Heikkinen and Thorbj{\"o}rn Hellsten and Mikko Alava",
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Fast wave absorption at the Alfvén resonance during ion cyclotron resonance heating. / Heikkinen, Jukka; Hellsten, Thorbjörn; Alava, Mikko.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1991, p. 417 - 429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fast wave absorption at the Alfvén resonance during ion cyclotron resonance heating

AU - Heikkinen, Jukka

AU - Hellsten, Thorbjörn

AU - Alava, Mikko

N1 - Project code: YDI0030

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - For ICRH scenarii where the majority cyclotron resonance intersects the plasma core, mode conversion of the fast magnetosonic wave to an Alfvén wave takes place at the plasma boundary on the high field side. Simple analytical estimates of the converted power for this mode conversion process are derived and compared with numerical calculations including finite electron inertia and kinetic effects. The converted power is found to depend on the local value of the wave field as well as on plasma parameters at the Alfvén wave resonance. The interference with the reflected wave will therefore modify the mode conversion. If the conversion layer is localized near the wall, the conversion will be strongly reduced. The conversion coefficient is found to be strongest for small density gradients and high density and it is sensitive to the value of the parallel wave number. Whether it increases or decreases with the latter depends on the ion composition. Analysis of this problem for ICRH in JET predicts that a large fraction of the power is mode converted at the plasma boundary for first harmonic heating of tritium in a deuterium-tritium plasma.

AB - For ICRH scenarii where the majority cyclotron resonance intersects the plasma core, mode conversion of the fast magnetosonic wave to an Alfvén wave takes place at the plasma boundary on the high field side. Simple analytical estimates of the converted power for this mode conversion process are derived and compared with numerical calculations including finite electron inertia and kinetic effects. The converted power is found to depend on the local value of the wave field as well as on plasma parameters at the Alfvén wave resonance. The interference with the reflected wave will therefore modify the mode conversion. If the conversion layer is localized near the wall, the conversion will be strongly reduced. The conversion coefficient is found to be strongest for small density gradients and high density and it is sensitive to the value of the parallel wave number. Whether it increases or decreases with the latter depends on the ion composition. Analysis of this problem for ICRH in JET predicts that a large fraction of the power is mode converted at the plasma boundary for first harmonic heating of tritium in a deuterium-tritium plasma.

U2 - 10.1088/0029-5515/31/3/002

DO - 10.1088/0029-5515/31/3/002

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 417

EP - 429

JO - Nuclear Fusion

JF - Nuclear Fusion

SN - 0029-5515

IS - 3

ER -