Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens

Jussi Solin (Corresponding author), Jouni Alhainen, Esko Arilahti, Tommi Seppänen, Wolfgang Mayinger

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Comprehensive experimental research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized (type 347) steel has revealed beneficial effects of hot holds aimed to simulate normal operation of NPP between the fatigue relevant transients. Reduction of plastic strain, extension of life and increase of endurance limit has been demonstrated in strain controlled HCF tests. Our latest results indicate moderate, but still measurable 'hold effects' even without any stop of straining and loading, when blocks of low rate cycles are applied between normal frequency straining at constant 325°C. A new lab testing approach was developed to simulate the 'component behavior' in moderate strain concentrations within the NPP primary circuit. Strain concentrations in range of 1.5 = Ke = 2 are simulated through displacement controlled straining of standard and modified geometry LCF specimens. New results confirm the earlier results and introduce another consequence of holds. Cyclic softening promotes localization of strain, but hold hardening reverses this trend. The holds retard strain localization not only within the material microstructure, but also in geometric strain concentrations. We conclude that the geometric delocalization of strain can amplify beneficial hold effects for components. The local strains may reduce below the endurance limit resulting to run-out tests beyond millions of cycles, even though notable values of fatigue usage (CUF) had been accumulated during earlier phases of the tests. Applicability of the transferability factor introduced in 2013 to the German KTA standard No. 3201.2 is supported. Exact quantification of the factor is not easy, but in all considered cases Fhold = 1. This means that the fatigue usages are overestimated without this factor.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019
    Subtitle of host publicationCodes and Standards
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Number of pages10
    Volume1
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5892-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019 - San Antonio, United States
    Duration: 14 Jul 201919 Jul 2019

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Antonio
    Period14/07/1919/07/19

    Fingerprint

    Stainless steel
    Fatigue of materials
    Durability
    Niobium
    Hardening
    Plastic deformation
    Microstructure
    Geometry
    Steel
    Networks (circuits)
    Testing

    Keywords

    • Fatigue
    • Hardening
    • Hold
    • Stainless
    • Strain

    Cite this

    Solin, J., Alhainen, J., Arilahti, E., Seppänen, T., & Mayinger, W. (2019). Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens. In ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019: Codes and Standards (Vol. 1). [PVP2019-93833] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2019-93833
    Solin, Jussi ; Alhainen, Jouni ; Arilahti, Esko ; Seppänen, Tommi ; Mayinger, Wolfgang. / Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens. ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2019.
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    title = "Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens",
    abstract = "Comprehensive experimental research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized (type 347) steel has revealed beneficial effects of hot holds aimed to simulate normal operation of NPP between the fatigue relevant transients. Reduction of plastic strain, extension of life and increase of endurance limit has been demonstrated in strain controlled HCF tests. Our latest results indicate moderate, but still measurable 'hold effects' even without any stop of straining and loading, when blocks of low rate cycles are applied between normal frequency straining at constant 325°C. A new lab testing approach was developed to simulate the 'component behavior' in moderate strain concentrations within the NPP primary circuit. Strain concentrations in range of 1.5 = Ke = 2 are simulated through displacement controlled straining of standard and modified geometry LCF specimens. New results confirm the earlier results and introduce another consequence of holds. Cyclic softening promotes localization of strain, but hold hardening reverses this trend. The holds retard strain localization not only within the material microstructure, but also in geometric strain concentrations. We conclude that the geometric delocalization of strain can amplify beneficial hold effects for components. The local strains may reduce below the endurance limit resulting to run-out tests beyond millions of cycles, even though notable values of fatigue usage (CUF) had been accumulated during earlier phases of the tests. Applicability of the transferability factor introduced in 2013 to the German KTA standard No. 3201.2 is supported. Exact quantification of the factor is not easy, but in all considered cases Fhold = 1. This means that the fatigue usages are overestimated without this factor.",
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    Solin, J, Alhainen, J, Arilahti, E, Seppänen, T & Mayinger, W 2019, Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens. in ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019: Codes and Standards. vol. 1, PVP2019-93833, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019, San Antonio, United States, 14/07/19. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2019-93833

    Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens. / Solin, Jussi (Corresponding author); Alhainen, Jouni; Arilahti, Esko; Seppänen, Tommi; Mayinger, Wolfgang.

    ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2019. PVP2019-93833.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Mayinger, Wolfgang

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    N2 - Comprehensive experimental research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized (type 347) steel has revealed beneficial effects of hot holds aimed to simulate normal operation of NPP between the fatigue relevant transients. Reduction of plastic strain, extension of life and increase of endurance limit has been demonstrated in strain controlled HCF tests. Our latest results indicate moderate, but still measurable 'hold effects' even without any stop of straining and loading, when blocks of low rate cycles are applied between normal frequency straining at constant 325°C. A new lab testing approach was developed to simulate the 'component behavior' in moderate strain concentrations within the NPP primary circuit. Strain concentrations in range of 1.5 = Ke = 2 are simulated through displacement controlled straining of standard and modified geometry LCF specimens. New results confirm the earlier results and introduce another consequence of holds. Cyclic softening promotes localization of strain, but hold hardening reverses this trend. The holds retard strain localization not only within the material microstructure, but also in geometric strain concentrations. We conclude that the geometric delocalization of strain can amplify beneficial hold effects for components. The local strains may reduce below the endurance limit resulting to run-out tests beyond millions of cycles, even though notable values of fatigue usage (CUF) had been accumulated during earlier phases of the tests. Applicability of the transferability factor introduced in 2013 to the German KTA standard No. 3201.2 is supported. Exact quantification of the factor is not easy, but in all considered cases Fhold = 1. This means that the fatigue usages are overestimated without this factor.

    AB - Comprehensive experimental research on fatigue performance of niobium stabilized (type 347) steel has revealed beneficial effects of hot holds aimed to simulate normal operation of NPP between the fatigue relevant transients. Reduction of plastic strain, extension of life and increase of endurance limit has been demonstrated in strain controlled HCF tests. Our latest results indicate moderate, but still measurable 'hold effects' even without any stop of straining and loading, when blocks of low rate cycles are applied between normal frequency straining at constant 325°C. A new lab testing approach was developed to simulate the 'component behavior' in moderate strain concentrations within the NPP primary circuit. Strain concentrations in range of 1.5 = Ke = 2 are simulated through displacement controlled straining of standard and modified geometry LCF specimens. New results confirm the earlier results and introduce another consequence of holds. Cyclic softening promotes localization of strain, but hold hardening reverses this trend. The holds retard strain localization not only within the material microstructure, but also in geometric strain concentrations. We conclude that the geometric delocalization of strain can amplify beneficial hold effects for components. The local strains may reduce below the endurance limit resulting to run-out tests beyond millions of cycles, even though notable values of fatigue usage (CUF) had been accumulated during earlier phases of the tests. Applicability of the transferability factor introduced in 2013 to the German KTA standard No. 3201.2 is supported. Exact quantification of the factor is not easy, but in all considered cases Fhold = 1. This means that the fatigue usages are overestimated without this factor.

    KW - Fatigue

    KW - Hardening

    KW - Hold

    KW - Stainless

    KW - Strain

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    Solin J, Alhainen J, Arilahti E, Seppänen T, Mayinger W. Fatigue of NPP components simulated by non-uniformly strained stainless steel specimens. In ASME 2019 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP 2019: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2019. PVP2019-93833 https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2019-93833