Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration

Yehia ElMahgary, Veikko Kekkonen, Ari Laitinen, Hannu Pihala

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    In the present report the economic viability and technical feasibility of selected cool storage systems are considered. Cool storage has clear potential for several applications: in connection with air-conditioning systems, domestic refrigerating and freezing systems, commercially e.g., in the dairy and vegetable industries; and in deep freezing, as in the meat industry. Air-conditioning has limited significance in Finland. For this reason it was not investigated in this study. In domestic refrigeration and freezing two systems were investigated; a controlled cooling heating system and a simple built-in system in individual refrigerators and freezers. The central cooling/heating system in houses was found to be economically unattractive. It also has several technical drawbacks. The simple built-in system appeared to be promising. The amount of savings is rationally a function of the difference between day and night tariffs and the costs of installing an automatic switch and storage media. A problem with the application of cool storage in domestic refrigerators and freezers results from the absence of clear peak hours. In the vegetable and dairy industries cool storage also has considerable potential. Several systems were investigated in this respect and compared to the conventional system. The cool storage system using Cristopia balls, one of the most common commercial systems available in Europe, was not economical at a tariff difference of 10 p/kWh or more. The cost-effectiveness of the system, however, improved considerably when an outdoor heat exchanger was added to make use of natural low ambient temperatures. Further improvement in the economic viability of the system was achieved when a sub-cooling system using outdoor temperatures was added. Still, the investment costs of the Cristopia system seem too high to justify the cool storage. A cheaper cool storage system could make the cool storage application more attractive. Cool storage for freezing in meat plants was also investigated. Again, in view of the relatively high costs of the Cristopia balls, the connection of such a cool storage system to existing plants was economically unattractive. Cheaper cool storage systems may be more attractive. On the other hand, even the cool storage system using Cristopia balls was found to be economically attractive when its size was optimised with the plant power in a new plant. When the net annual savings were about FIM 170 000 and the pay back period was about 6 years. More savings are expected from the cheaper cool storage system than from the Cristopia system.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages82
    ISBN (Print)951-38-3253-8
    Publication statusPublished - 1989
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports
    Number620
    ISSN0358-5077

    Fingerprint

    refrigeration
    economic sustainability
    air conditioning
    tariffs
    heating systems
    freezing
    freezers
    refrigerators
    dairy industry
    cooling
    cooling systems
    heat exchangers
    livestock and meat industry
    power plants
    frozen storage
    cost effectiveness
    Finland
    ambient temperature
    meat

    Keywords

    • cooling systems
    • refrigeration
    • feasibility

    Cite this

    ElMahgary, Y., Kekkonen, V., Laitinen, A., & Pihala, H. (1989). Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 620
    ElMahgary, Yehia ; Kekkonen, Veikko ; Laitinen, Ari ; Pihala, Hannu. / Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 82 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 620).
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    ElMahgary, Y, Kekkonen, V, Laitinen, A & Pihala, H 1989, Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 620, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration. / ElMahgary, Yehia; Kekkonen, Veikko; Laitinen, Ari; Pihala, Hannu.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 82 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 620).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    AU - Laitinen, Ari

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    N2 - In the present report the economic viability and technical feasibility of selected cool storage systems are considered. Cool storage has clear potential for several applications: in connection with air-conditioning systems, domestic refrigerating and freezing systems, commercially e.g., in the dairy and vegetable industries; and in deep freezing, as in the meat industry. Air-conditioning has limited significance in Finland. For this reason it was not investigated in this study. In domestic refrigeration and freezing two systems were investigated; a controlled cooling heating system and a simple built-in system in individual refrigerators and freezers. The central cooling/heating system in houses was found to be economically unattractive. It also has several technical drawbacks. The simple built-in system appeared to be promising. The amount of savings is rationally a function of the difference between day and night tariffs and the costs of installing an automatic switch and storage media. A problem with the application of cool storage in domestic refrigerators and freezers results from the absence of clear peak hours. In the vegetable and dairy industries cool storage also has considerable potential. Several systems were investigated in this respect and compared to the conventional system. The cool storage system using Cristopia balls, one of the most common commercial systems available in Europe, was not economical at a tariff difference of 10 p/kWh or more. The cost-effectiveness of the system, however, improved considerably when an outdoor heat exchanger was added to make use of natural low ambient temperatures. Further improvement in the economic viability of the system was achieved when a sub-cooling system using outdoor temperatures was added. Still, the investment costs of the Cristopia system seem too high to justify the cool storage. A cheaper cool storage system could make the cool storage application more attractive. Cool storage for freezing in meat plants was also investigated. Again, in view of the relatively high costs of the Cristopia balls, the connection of such a cool storage system to existing plants was economically unattractive. Cheaper cool storage systems may be more attractive. On the other hand, even the cool storage system using Cristopia balls was found to be economically attractive when its size was optimised with the plant power in a new plant. When the net annual savings were about FIM 170 000 and the pay back period was about 6 years. More savings are expected from the cheaper cool storage system than from the Cristopia system.

    AB - In the present report the economic viability and technical feasibility of selected cool storage systems are considered. Cool storage has clear potential for several applications: in connection with air-conditioning systems, domestic refrigerating and freezing systems, commercially e.g., in the dairy and vegetable industries; and in deep freezing, as in the meat industry. Air-conditioning has limited significance in Finland. For this reason it was not investigated in this study. In domestic refrigeration and freezing two systems were investigated; a controlled cooling heating system and a simple built-in system in individual refrigerators and freezers. The central cooling/heating system in houses was found to be economically unattractive. It also has several technical drawbacks. The simple built-in system appeared to be promising. The amount of savings is rationally a function of the difference between day and night tariffs and the costs of installing an automatic switch and storage media. A problem with the application of cool storage in domestic refrigerators and freezers results from the absence of clear peak hours. In the vegetable and dairy industries cool storage also has considerable potential. Several systems were investigated in this respect and compared to the conventional system. The cool storage system using Cristopia balls, one of the most common commercial systems available in Europe, was not economical at a tariff difference of 10 p/kWh or more. The cost-effectiveness of the system, however, improved considerably when an outdoor heat exchanger was added to make use of natural low ambient temperatures. Further improvement in the economic viability of the system was achieved when a sub-cooling system using outdoor temperatures was added. Still, the investment costs of the Cristopia system seem too high to justify the cool storage. A cheaper cool storage system could make the cool storage application more attractive. Cool storage for freezing in meat plants was also investigated. Again, in view of the relatively high costs of the Cristopia balls, the connection of such a cool storage system to existing plants was economically unattractive. Cheaper cool storage systems may be more attractive. On the other hand, even the cool storage system using Cristopia balls was found to be economically attractive when its size was optimised with the plant power in a new plant. When the net annual savings were about FIM 170 000 and the pay back period was about 6 years. More savings are expected from the cheaper cool storage system than from the Cristopia system.

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    ElMahgary Y, Kekkonen V, Laitinen A, Pihala H. Feasibility of cool storage systems in refrigeration. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 82 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 620).