Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy

Techno-economic analysis activity

Yrjö Solantausta, Tiina Koljonen, Erich Podesser, David Beckman, Ralph Overend

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

The IEA Bioenergy Techno-Economic Analysis Activity reported here, had the following objectives: · To assist companies working with technologies and products related to bioenergy applications in their efforts to demonstrate these, · To promote bioenergy technologies, processes and applications, · To built and maintain a network for R&D organisations and industry. The objectives were pursued 1995 - 1997 through carrying out site-specific prefeasibility studies in participating countries. Both electricity and liquid fuel applications were studied, utilising gasification, pyrolysis, and combustion technologies. Studies were carried out in collaboration with companies developing new products or services from participating countries (Austria, Canada, Finland, and the United States of America) in the bioenergy field. Cases are: · Austria: Power production at a district heating station, Stirling-engine driven by unclean boiler flue gases, 50 kWe · Canada - Bio-oil production for a boiler power plant, Fast pyrolysis of sawmill wastes & bark, 11 MWe · Finland: Co-generation of power and heat at a pulp and paper mill, Pressurised inte-grated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) using bark & wood, 34 MWe · Sweden: Bio-oil production for heating fuel, Fast pyrolysis of forest residues, 20 000 t/a · USA - Case 1: Co-firing in a coal boiler, Combustion of plantation willow, 15 MWe · USA - Case 2: Condensing power production, Pressurised IGCC using alfalfa stems, 75 MWe All of the cases studied are at different stages of development. Results from these case studies are reported together with technical uncertainties and future development needs, which are required for all the systems. In general, the results showed that for most of the cases studied economic conditions are possible, through existing subsidies or tax incentives, for feasible industrial operation. Specially designed Stirling engines have a short amortisation time integrated to biomass district heating plants in Austria, provided similar subsidies will be obtained as for district heating plants. The pulp mill IGCC appears slightly more economic than the commercial alternative already without subsidies. Recent press releases from participating industry is included to highlight the industrial applications of the studied technologies.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5444-2
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.1961
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Economic analysis
Liquid fuels
Gasification
District heating
Electricity
Boilers
Stirling engines
Pyrolysis
Paper and pulp mills
Industry
Boiler firing
Sawmills
Economics
Taxation
Flue gases
Industrial applications
Wood
Power plants
Biomass
Coal

Keywords

  • biomass
  • bioenergy
  • stirling engines
  • power generation
  • power plants
  • pyrolysis
  • feasibility
  • studies
  • bio-oils
  • co-generation
  • IGCC

Cite this

Solantausta, Y., Koljonen, T., Podesser, E., Beckman, D., & Overend, R. (1999). Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy: Techno-economic analysis activity. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1961
Solantausta, Yrjö ; Koljonen, Tiina ; Podesser, Erich ; Beckman, David ; Overend, Ralph. / Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy : Techno-economic analysis activity. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 46 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1961).
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Solantausta, Y, Koljonen, T, Podesser, E, Beckman, D & Overend, R 1999, Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy: Techno-economic analysis activity. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1961, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy : Techno-economic analysis activity. / Solantausta, Yrjö; Koljonen, Tiina; Podesser, Erich; Beckman, David; Overend, Ralph.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 46 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1961).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy

T2 - Techno-economic analysis activity

AU - Solantausta, Yrjö

AU - Koljonen, Tiina

AU - Podesser, Erich

AU - Beckman, David

AU - Overend, Ralph

N1 - Project code: N8SU00253

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The IEA Bioenergy Techno-Economic Analysis Activity reported here, had the following objectives: · To assist companies working with technologies and products related to bioenergy applications in their efforts to demonstrate these, · To promote bioenergy technologies, processes and applications, · To built and maintain a network for R&D organisations and industry. The objectives were pursued 1995 - 1997 through carrying out site-specific prefeasibility studies in participating countries. Both electricity and liquid fuel applications were studied, utilising gasification, pyrolysis, and combustion technologies. Studies were carried out in collaboration with companies developing new products or services from participating countries (Austria, Canada, Finland, and the United States of America) in the bioenergy field. Cases are: · Austria: Power production at a district heating station, Stirling-engine driven by unclean boiler flue gases, 50 kWe · Canada - Bio-oil production for a boiler power plant, Fast pyrolysis of sawmill wastes & bark, 11 MWe · Finland: Co-generation of power and heat at a pulp and paper mill, Pressurised inte-grated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) using bark & wood, 34 MWe · Sweden: Bio-oil production for heating fuel, Fast pyrolysis of forest residues, 20 000 t/a · USA - Case 1: Co-firing in a coal boiler, Combustion of plantation willow, 15 MWe · USA - Case 2: Condensing power production, Pressurised IGCC using alfalfa stems, 75 MWe All of the cases studied are at different stages of development. Results from these case studies are reported together with technical uncertainties and future development needs, which are required for all the systems. In general, the results showed that for most of the cases studied economic conditions are possible, through existing subsidies or tax incentives, for feasible industrial operation. Specially designed Stirling engines have a short amortisation time integrated to biomass district heating plants in Austria, provided similar subsidies will be obtained as for district heating plants. The pulp mill IGCC appears slightly more economic than the commercial alternative already without subsidies. Recent press releases from participating industry is included to highlight the industrial applications of the studied technologies.

AB - The IEA Bioenergy Techno-Economic Analysis Activity reported here, had the following objectives: · To assist companies working with technologies and products related to bioenergy applications in their efforts to demonstrate these, · To promote bioenergy technologies, processes and applications, · To built and maintain a network for R&D organisations and industry. The objectives were pursued 1995 - 1997 through carrying out site-specific prefeasibility studies in participating countries. Both electricity and liquid fuel applications were studied, utilising gasification, pyrolysis, and combustion technologies. Studies were carried out in collaboration with companies developing new products or services from participating countries (Austria, Canada, Finland, and the United States of America) in the bioenergy field. Cases are: · Austria: Power production at a district heating station, Stirling-engine driven by unclean boiler flue gases, 50 kWe · Canada - Bio-oil production for a boiler power plant, Fast pyrolysis of sawmill wastes & bark, 11 MWe · Finland: Co-generation of power and heat at a pulp and paper mill, Pressurised inte-grated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) using bark & wood, 34 MWe · Sweden: Bio-oil production for heating fuel, Fast pyrolysis of forest residues, 20 000 t/a · USA - Case 1: Co-firing in a coal boiler, Combustion of plantation willow, 15 MWe · USA - Case 2: Condensing power production, Pressurised IGCC using alfalfa stems, 75 MWe All of the cases studied are at different stages of development. Results from these case studies are reported together with technical uncertainties and future development needs, which are required for all the systems. In general, the results showed that for most of the cases studied economic conditions are possible, through existing subsidies or tax incentives, for feasible industrial operation. Specially designed Stirling engines have a short amortisation time integrated to biomass district heating plants in Austria, provided similar subsidies will be obtained as for district heating plants. The pulp mill IGCC appears slightly more economic than the commercial alternative already without subsidies. Recent press releases from participating industry is included to highlight the industrial applications of the studied technologies.

KW - biomass

KW - bioenergy

KW - stirling engines

KW - power generation

KW - power plants

KW - pyrolysis

KW - feasibility

KW - studies

KW - bio-oils

KW - co-generation

KW - IGCC

M3 - Report

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy

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CY - Espoo

ER -

Solantausta Y, Koljonen T, Podesser E, Beckman D, Overend R. Feasibility studies on selected bioenergy concepts producing electricity, heat, and liquid fuel. IEA Bioenergy: Techno-economic analysis activity. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 46 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1961).