This report summarizes the results of the Fusion Energy
Research Programme, FFUSION, during the period 1993-1998.
After the planning phase the programme started in 1994,
and later in March 1995 the FFUSION Programme was
integrated into the EU Fusion Programme and the
Association Euratom-Tekes was established.
Research areas in the FFUSION Programme are (1) fusion
physics and plasma engineering, (2) fusion reactor
materials and (3) remote handling systems. In all
research areas industry is involved. Recently, a project
on environmental aspects of fusion and other future
energy systems started as a part of the socio-economic
research (SERF) in the Euratom Fusion Programme.
A crucial component of the FFUSION programme is the close
collaboration between VTT Research Institutes,
universities and Finnish industry. This collaboration has
guaranteed dynamic and versatile research teams, which
are large enough to tackle challenging research and
development projects. Regarding industrial fusion R&D
activities, the major step was the membership of Imatran
Voima Oy in the EFET Consortium (European Fusion
Engineering and Technology), which further strengthened
the position of industry in the engineering design
activities of ITER.
The number of FFUSION research projects was 66. In
addition, there were 32 industrial R&D projects. The
total cost of the FFUSION Programme in 1993-1998 amounted
to FIM 54 million in research at VTT and Universities and
an additional FIM 21 million for R&D in Finnish industry.
The main part of the funding was provided by Tekes, 36%.
Since 1995, yearly Euratom funding has exceeded 25%.
The FFUSION research teams have played an active role in
the European Programme, receiving excellent recognition
from the European partners. Theoretical and computational
fusion physics has been at a high scientific level and
the group collaborates with the leading experimental
laboratories in Europe. Fusion technology is focused on
reactor materials, joining techniques, superconductor
development and water-hydraulic applications, in which
FFUSION teams have achieved a firm position in the EU
Fusion Programme. A challenging full-scale prototype
system for the ITER in-vessel viewing has been completed
as a collaborative effort between VTT, Helsinki
University of Technology and IVO Technology Centre.
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||158|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
- fusion reactors
- fusion physics
- plasma engineering
- remote handling
- nuclear energy