Fibre deformations induced by different mechanical treatments and their effect on zero-span strength

X. Zeng (Corresponding Author), Elias Retulainen, Sabine Heinemann, S. Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibre deformations have a significant effect on fibre strength and sheet properties. There is little information, however, on the kinds of deformations different types of treatments induce and how they affect the fibre strength. In the present study, first-thinning bleached pine kraft pulp was treated with three mechanical devices: a wing defibrator (high consistency treatment), an E-compactor (high consistency treatment) and a conventional Valley beater (low consistency treatment). The fibre properties were determined with a fibre analyser. The fibre cutting induced by the hydrochloric acid (HCl) treatment (‘cleavage index’) was used for the quantification of the fibre defects. The zero-span tensile strength of dry and wet paper was used to estimate the fibre strength. Each mechanical treatment induced fibre deformations in its own characteristic way. The wing defibrator induced fibre kinks and curl whereas the E-compactor, in addition to fibre cutting, favoured kinks. Low consistency Valley beating straightened the fibres and released fibre deformations. The fibre deformations, especially the number of kinks, correlated well with the wet zero-span tensile strength. The cleavage index had some correlation with the zero-span tensile strength, but the results indicated that the cleavage index may not be directly related to the mechanical defects in fibres but depend more on the chemical conditions on the fibre surface and the wall structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-342
Number of pages7
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

strength (mechanics)
tensile strength
Fibers
valleys
kraft pulp
hydrochloric acid
acid treatment
cleavage
Pinus
Tensile strength
effect
fibre
defect
valley
Bleached pulp
Defects
Hydrochloric Acid
Kraft pulp
Hydrochloric acid
thinning

Keywords

  • Cleavage index
  • fibre deformations
  • kinks
  • mechanical treatment
  • shape factor
  • zero-span tensile strength

Cite this

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title = "Fibre deformations induced by different mechanical treatments and their effect on zero-span strength",
abstract = "Fibre deformations have a significant effect on fibre strength and sheet properties. There is little information, however, on the kinds of deformations different types of treatments induce and how they affect the fibre strength. In the present study, first-thinning bleached pine kraft pulp was treated with three mechanical devices: a wing defibrator (high consistency treatment), an E-compactor (high consistency treatment) and a conventional Valley beater (low consistency treatment). The fibre properties were determined with a fibre analyser. The fibre cutting induced by the hydrochloric acid (HCl) treatment (‘cleavage index’) was used for the quantification of the fibre defects. The zero-span tensile strength of dry and wet paper was used to estimate the fibre strength. Each mechanical treatment induced fibre deformations in its own characteristic way. The wing defibrator induced fibre kinks and curl whereas the E-compactor, in addition to fibre cutting, favoured kinks. Low consistency Valley beating straightened the fibres and released fibre deformations. The fibre deformations, especially the number of kinks, correlated well with the wet zero-span tensile strength. The cleavage index had some correlation with the zero-span tensile strength, but the results indicated that the cleavage index may not be directly related to the mechanical defects in fibres but depend more on the chemical conditions on the fibre surface and the wall structure.",
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Fibre deformations induced by different mechanical treatments and their effect on zero-span strength. / Zeng, X. (Corresponding Author); Retulainen, Elias; Heinemann, Sabine; Fu, S.

In: Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2012, p. 335-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Zeng, X.

AU - Retulainen, Elias

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AU - Fu, S.

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N2 - Fibre deformations have a significant effect on fibre strength and sheet properties. There is little information, however, on the kinds of deformations different types of treatments induce and how they affect the fibre strength. In the present study, first-thinning bleached pine kraft pulp was treated with three mechanical devices: a wing defibrator (high consistency treatment), an E-compactor (high consistency treatment) and a conventional Valley beater (low consistency treatment). The fibre properties were determined with a fibre analyser. The fibre cutting induced by the hydrochloric acid (HCl) treatment (‘cleavage index’) was used for the quantification of the fibre defects. The zero-span tensile strength of dry and wet paper was used to estimate the fibre strength. Each mechanical treatment induced fibre deformations in its own characteristic way. The wing defibrator induced fibre kinks and curl whereas the E-compactor, in addition to fibre cutting, favoured kinks. Low consistency Valley beating straightened the fibres and released fibre deformations. The fibre deformations, especially the number of kinks, correlated well with the wet zero-span tensile strength. The cleavage index had some correlation with the zero-span tensile strength, but the results indicated that the cleavage index may not be directly related to the mechanical defects in fibres but depend more on the chemical conditions on the fibre surface and the wall structure.

AB - Fibre deformations have a significant effect on fibre strength and sheet properties. There is little information, however, on the kinds of deformations different types of treatments induce and how they affect the fibre strength. In the present study, first-thinning bleached pine kraft pulp was treated with three mechanical devices: a wing defibrator (high consistency treatment), an E-compactor (high consistency treatment) and a conventional Valley beater (low consistency treatment). The fibre properties were determined with a fibre analyser. The fibre cutting induced by the hydrochloric acid (HCl) treatment (‘cleavage index’) was used for the quantification of the fibre defects. The zero-span tensile strength of dry and wet paper was used to estimate the fibre strength. Each mechanical treatment induced fibre deformations in its own characteristic way. The wing defibrator induced fibre kinks and curl whereas the E-compactor, in addition to fibre cutting, favoured kinks. Low consistency Valley beating straightened the fibres and released fibre deformations. The fibre deformations, especially the number of kinks, correlated well with the wet zero-span tensile strength. The cleavage index had some correlation with the zero-span tensile strength, but the results indicated that the cleavage index may not be directly related to the mechanical defects in fibres but depend more on the chemical conditions on the fibre surface and the wall structure.

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KW - shape factor

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