Two small scale test series were performed using the cone calorimeter heating method to detect any differences in the way various fibres affect the thermal properties of a standard mortar. The cone shaped heater of the cone calorimeter produces a uniform heat flux on the sample surface over an area of 100×100 mm2. The heat flux was adjusted to 50 kW m−2, which corresponds to the early stage of a fully developed fire. The total exposure also corresponds roughly to the ISO 834 time-temperature curve during the first 30 minutes. Short ageing of the specimens gave very clear differences in thermal properties between fibre mortars. However, no such differences were observed with oven dried samples. This shows the importance of carrying out tests in conditions as close as possible to the end use conditions of the material or product.