Film formation and surface properties of enzymatically crosslinked casein films

Helka Juvonen (Corresponding Author), Maria Smolander, Harry Boer, Jaakko Pere, Johanna Buchert, Jouko Peltonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    The use of renewable materials as barrier material is currently intensively investigated. Biopolymers such as polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins have been studied as barrier materials. Protein‐based films often possess good gas barrier properties, but because of their hydrophilic nature the gas barrier properties are sensitive to humidity. The improvement of the properties of sodium caseinate barrier films in potential packaging applications was studied by investigating the effects of enzymatic treatment and plasticizer on the film properties. Oxidoreductases Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThL) and Trichoderma reesei tyrosinase (TrTyr) were compared with transglutaminase for crosslinking of the sodium caseinate molecules in the films and coatings. All of the studied enzymes were able to crosslink sodium caseinate. Film solubility tests, protein electrophoresis, contact angle measurements, and atomic force microscopy studies showed that TrTyr treatment results in sodium caseinate films and coatings with better overall properties compared to treatment with ThL.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2205-2213
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • enzymes
    • crosslinking
    • proteins
    • films
    • atomic force microscopy (AFM)


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