Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management

Kari Rasilainen, Markku Anttila, Aimo Hautojärvi, Lasse Koskinen, Antti Lehtilä, Kurt Meling, Henrik Nordman, Antti Poteri, Vesa Suolanen, Veikko Taivassalo, Timo Vieno, Seppo Vuori

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

This publication is the final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management (TOKA) at the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory of VTT, forming part of the Publicly Financed Nuclear Waste Management Research Programme (JYT). The project covers safety and cost aspects of all phases of nuclear waste management. The main emphasis has been on developing an integrated system of models for performance assessment of nuclear waste repositories. During the four years the project has so far been in progress, the total amount of work has been around 14 person-years. Computer codes are the main tools in the project, they are either developed by the project team or acquired from abroad. In-house model development has been especially active in groundwater flow, near-field and migration modelling. The quantitative interpretation of Finnish tracer experiments in the laboratory and natural analogue studies at Palmottu support performance assessments via increased confidence in the migration concepts used. The performance assessment philosophy adopted by the team consists of deterministic modelling and pragmatic scenario analysis. This is supported by our long term experience in practical performance assessment, and in theoretical probabilistic modelling exercises. The radiological risks of spent fuel transportation from the Loviisa nuclear power plant to Russia have been analysed using a probabilistic computer code and Finnish traffic accident statistics. The project assists the authorities in the annual assessment of utility estimates of funding needs for future nuclear waste management operations. The power companies must pay the necessary funds annually to the Nuclear Waste Management Fund established for this purpose. The models and methods used within the project are tested in international verification/validation projects. Finnish nuclear waste projects have extensively applied the expertise developed within the TOKA project.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages109
ISBN (Print)951-38-4364-5
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.1470
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Waste management
Radioactive wastes
Economics
Nuclear engineering
Groundwater flow
Highway accidents
Spent fuels
Nuclear power plants
Statistics
Costs
Industry
Experiments

Keywords

  • radioactive wastes
  • waste management
  • safety
  • cost analysis
  • models
  • computer codes
  • TOKA

Cite this

Rasilainen, K., Anttila, M., Hautojärvi, A., Koskinen, L., Lehtilä, A., Meling, K., ... Vuori, S. (1993). Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1470
Rasilainen, Kari ; Anttila, Markku ; Hautojärvi, Aimo ; Koskinen, Lasse ; Lehtilä, Antti ; Meling, Kurt ; Nordman, Henrik ; Poteri, Antti ; Suolanen, Vesa ; Taivassalo, Veikko ; Vieno, Timo ; Vuori, Seppo. / Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 109 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1470).
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Rasilainen, K, Anttila, M, Hautojärvi, A, Koskinen, L, Lehtilä, A, Meling, K, Nordman, H, Poteri, A, Suolanen, V, Taivassalo, V, Vieno, T & Vuori, S 1993, Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1470, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management. / Rasilainen, Kari; Anttila, Markku; Hautojärvi, Aimo; Koskinen, Lasse; Lehtilä, Antti; Meling, Kurt; Nordman, Henrik; Poteri, Antti; Suolanen, Vesa; Taivassalo, Veikko; Vieno, Timo; Vuori, Seppo.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 109 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1470).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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T1 - Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management

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AU - Hautojärvi, Aimo

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AU - Lehtilä, Antti

AU - Meling, Kurt

AU - Nordman, Henrik

AU - Poteri, Antti

AU - Suolanen, Vesa

AU - Taivassalo, Veikko

AU - Vieno, Timo

AU - Vuori, Seppo

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N2 - This publication is the final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management (TOKA) at the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory of VTT, forming part of the Publicly Financed Nuclear Waste Management Research Programme (JYT). The project covers safety and cost aspects of all phases of nuclear waste management. The main emphasis has been on developing an integrated system of models for performance assessment of nuclear waste repositories. During the four years the project has so far been in progress, the total amount of work has been around 14 person-years. Computer codes are the main tools in the project, they are either developed by the project team or acquired from abroad. In-house model development has been especially active in groundwater flow, near-field and migration modelling. The quantitative interpretation of Finnish tracer experiments in the laboratory and natural analogue studies at Palmottu support performance assessments via increased confidence in the migration concepts used. The performance assessment philosophy adopted by the team consists of deterministic modelling and pragmatic scenario analysis. This is supported by our long term experience in practical performance assessment, and in theoretical probabilistic modelling exercises. The radiological risks of spent fuel transportation from the Loviisa nuclear power plant to Russia have been analysed using a probabilistic computer code and Finnish traffic accident statistics. The project assists the authorities in the annual assessment of utility estimates of funding needs for future nuclear waste management operations. The power companies must pay the necessary funds annually to the Nuclear Waste Management Fund established for this purpose. The models and methods used within the project are tested in international verification/validation projects. Finnish nuclear waste projects have extensively applied the expertise developed within the TOKA project.

AB - This publication is the final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management (TOKA) at the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory of VTT, forming part of the Publicly Financed Nuclear Waste Management Research Programme (JYT). The project covers safety and cost aspects of all phases of nuclear waste management. The main emphasis has been on developing an integrated system of models for performance assessment of nuclear waste repositories. During the four years the project has so far been in progress, the total amount of work has been around 14 person-years. Computer codes are the main tools in the project, they are either developed by the project team or acquired from abroad. In-house model development has been especially active in groundwater flow, near-field and migration modelling. The quantitative interpretation of Finnish tracer experiments in the laboratory and natural analogue studies at Palmottu support performance assessments via increased confidence in the migration concepts used. The performance assessment philosophy adopted by the team consists of deterministic modelling and pragmatic scenario analysis. This is supported by our long term experience in practical performance assessment, and in theoretical probabilistic modelling exercises. The radiological risks of spent fuel transportation from the Loviisa nuclear power plant to Russia have been analysed using a probabilistic computer code and Finnish traffic accident statistics. The project assists the authorities in the annual assessment of utility estimates of funding needs for future nuclear waste management operations. The power companies must pay the necessary funds annually to the Nuclear Waste Management Fund established for this purpose. The models and methods used within the project are tested in international verification/validation projects. Finnish nuclear waste projects have extensively applied the expertise developed within the TOKA project.

KW - radioactive wastes

KW - waste management

KW - safety

KW - cost analysis

KW - models

KW - computer codes

KW - TOKA

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-4364-5

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

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PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

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ER -

Rasilainen K, Anttila M, Hautojärvi A, Koskinen L, Lehtilä A, Meling K et al. Final report of the project Performance Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Nuclear Waste Management. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 109 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1470).