Fine particle emission potential from loam soils in a semiarid region

Guanglong Feng, Brenton Sharratt, Laura Wendling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fugitive dust emission from agricultural soils is a concern in the U.S. Inland Pacific Northwest because emission of particles with an aerodynamic diameter =10 μ m (PM10) and ≤2.5 μ m (PM2.5) are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as air pollutants. The objective of this study was to characterize the PM10 and PM2.5 emission potential of soils in the region. Soil from the upper 3-cm layer of the profi le was collected from fi ve major soil types in southeastern Washington. Soil samples collected from the fi eld were placed inside a wind tunnel to simultaneously measure PM10 and PM2.5 emissions at three wind speeds. Dispersed soil analysis indicated that the sand and silt content, respectively, ranged from 17 to 68% and 23 to 66% while nondispersed soil analysis revealed the PM10 and PM2.5 content averaged 3.7 and 1.2%, respectively, across the fi ve soil types. Emissions of PM10 and PM2.5 were greatest for Warden sandy loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Xeric Haplocambids) and lowest for Walla Walla silt loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Typic Haploxerolls). During the 5 min wind tunnel test at the highest wind speed (18 m s -1), loss of sediment, PM10 and PM2.5 for the fi ve soils ranged from 113 to 8039 g m -2, 0.4 to 11.0 g m -2, and 0.1 to 6.0 g m -2, respectively. Although the PM10/sediment loss ratio diff ered among soils, there was no diff erence in the PM2.5/sediment loss ratio across soils. Our results suggest that the emission potential varies for windblown soils found across the Inland Pacific Northwest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2262-2270
JournalSoil Science Society of America Journal
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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particulate emissions
loam soils
loam
semiarid region
soil
wind tunnels
soil analysis
wind speed
sediments
silt
soil types
Haplocambids
wind tunnel
Haploxerolls
soil type
dust emissions
wind velocity
sediment
United States Environmental Protection Agency
aerodynamics

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Feng, Guanglong ; Sharratt, Brenton ; Wendling, Laura. / Fine particle emission potential from loam soils in a semiarid region. In: Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 75, No. 6. pp. 2262-2270.
@article{54bd6aaa7e284663b2a5a58f1bb9bd3d,
title = "Fine particle emission potential from loam soils in a semiarid region",
abstract = "Fugitive dust emission from agricultural soils is a concern in the U.S. Inland Pacific Northwest because emission of particles with an aerodynamic diameter =10 μ m (PM10) and ≤2.5 μ m (PM2.5) are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as air pollutants. The objective of this study was to characterize the PM10 and PM2.5 emission potential of soils in the region. Soil from the upper 3-cm layer of the profi le was collected from fi ve major soil types in southeastern Washington. Soil samples collected from the fi eld were placed inside a wind tunnel to simultaneously measure PM10 and PM2.5 emissions at three wind speeds. Dispersed soil analysis indicated that the sand and silt content, respectively, ranged from 17 to 68{\%} and 23 to 66{\%} while nondispersed soil analysis revealed the PM10 and PM2.5 content averaged 3.7 and 1.2{\%}, respectively, across the fi ve soil types. Emissions of PM10 and PM2.5 were greatest for Warden sandy loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Xeric Haplocambids) and lowest for Walla Walla silt loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Typic Haploxerolls). During the 5 min wind tunnel test at the highest wind speed (18 m s -1), loss of sediment, PM10 and PM2.5 for the fi ve soils ranged from 113 to 8039 g m -2, 0.4 to 11.0 g m -2, and 0.1 to 6.0 g m -2, respectively. Although the PM10/sediment loss ratio diff ered among soils, there was no diff erence in the PM2.5/sediment loss ratio across soils. Our results suggest that the emission potential varies for windblown soils found across the Inland Pacific Northwest.",
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Fine particle emission potential from loam soils in a semiarid region. / Feng, Guanglong; Sharratt, Brenton; Wendling, Laura.

In: Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 75, No. 6, 01.11.2011, p. 2262-2270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fine particle emission potential from loam soils in a semiarid region

AU - Feng, Guanglong

AU - Sharratt, Brenton

AU - Wendling, Laura

PY - 2011/11/1

Y1 - 2011/11/1

N2 - Fugitive dust emission from agricultural soils is a concern in the U.S. Inland Pacific Northwest because emission of particles with an aerodynamic diameter =10 μ m (PM10) and ≤2.5 μ m (PM2.5) are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as air pollutants. The objective of this study was to characterize the PM10 and PM2.5 emission potential of soils in the region. Soil from the upper 3-cm layer of the profi le was collected from fi ve major soil types in southeastern Washington. Soil samples collected from the fi eld were placed inside a wind tunnel to simultaneously measure PM10 and PM2.5 emissions at three wind speeds. Dispersed soil analysis indicated that the sand and silt content, respectively, ranged from 17 to 68% and 23 to 66% while nondispersed soil analysis revealed the PM10 and PM2.5 content averaged 3.7 and 1.2%, respectively, across the fi ve soil types. Emissions of PM10 and PM2.5 were greatest for Warden sandy loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Xeric Haplocambids) and lowest for Walla Walla silt loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Typic Haploxerolls). During the 5 min wind tunnel test at the highest wind speed (18 m s -1), loss of sediment, PM10 and PM2.5 for the fi ve soils ranged from 113 to 8039 g m -2, 0.4 to 11.0 g m -2, and 0.1 to 6.0 g m -2, respectively. Although the PM10/sediment loss ratio diff ered among soils, there was no diff erence in the PM2.5/sediment loss ratio across soils. Our results suggest that the emission potential varies for windblown soils found across the Inland Pacific Northwest.

AB - Fugitive dust emission from agricultural soils is a concern in the U.S. Inland Pacific Northwest because emission of particles with an aerodynamic diameter =10 μ m (PM10) and ≤2.5 μ m (PM2.5) are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as air pollutants. The objective of this study was to characterize the PM10 and PM2.5 emission potential of soils in the region. Soil from the upper 3-cm layer of the profi le was collected from fi ve major soil types in southeastern Washington. Soil samples collected from the fi eld were placed inside a wind tunnel to simultaneously measure PM10 and PM2.5 emissions at three wind speeds. Dispersed soil analysis indicated that the sand and silt content, respectively, ranged from 17 to 68% and 23 to 66% while nondispersed soil analysis revealed the PM10 and PM2.5 content averaged 3.7 and 1.2%, respectively, across the fi ve soil types. Emissions of PM10 and PM2.5 were greatest for Warden sandy loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Xeric Haplocambids) and lowest for Walla Walla silt loam (coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Typic Haploxerolls). During the 5 min wind tunnel test at the highest wind speed (18 m s -1), loss of sediment, PM10 and PM2.5 for the fi ve soils ranged from 113 to 8039 g m -2, 0.4 to 11.0 g m -2, and 0.1 to 6.0 g m -2, respectively. Although the PM10/sediment loss ratio diff ered among soils, there was no diff erence in the PM2.5/sediment loss ratio across soils. Our results suggest that the emission potential varies for windblown soils found across the Inland Pacific Northwest.

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U2 - 10.2136/sssaj2011.0087

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JO - Soil Science Society of America Journal

JF - Soil Science Society of America Journal

SN - 0361-5995

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