Finnish bioeconomy on the global product market in 2035

Antti Arasto (Editor), Antti Asikainen (Editor), Anu Kaukovirta (Editor), Ali Harlin (Contributor), Janne Hulkko (Contributor), Eemeli Hytönen (Contributor), Tiina Liitiä (Contributor), Emilia Nordlund (Contributor), Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey (Contributor), Timo Pulli (Contributor), Tekla Tammelin (Contributor), Tarja Tamminen (Contributor), Antti Asikainen, Sanna Finni (Contributor), Daniel Granato (Contributor), Henrik Herajärvi (Contributor), Titta Kotilainen (Contributor), Sari Mäkinen (Contributor), Marketta Rinne (Contributor), Katariina Soini (Contributor)Liisa Tyrväinen (Contributor), Johanna Vilkki (Contributor), Erika Winquist (Contributor)

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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Executive summary
Resource efficiency, investments and focus on added value
• Since launch of the first Finnish Bioeconomy strategy in 2014 the economic output of the bioeconomy has increased particularly in the forest and construction
sectors resulting from larger production volumes. In the future, however, more
emphasis should be put on value-adding investments and production.
• Initially, the economic output and social welfare created by bioeconomy were emphasized. Today, also the concern about the changing climate and loss of biodiversity challenge bioeconomy, its raw material sourcing and product life cycles.
• Biomass is an abundant yet constrained resource. Investing in new, resourceefficient processes holds significant potential in increasing both the overall production and the value of the existing resource use.
Insights and snapshots of future products
• A larger share of the forest based value chain could be in Finland when customertailored solutions are designed and produced prior to transportation. Packaging
solutions, textiles, wood construction and lignin based value added products
could be emphasised as examples.
• Realising the unutilised potential in conventional agriculture to increase production efficiency and at the same time radically cut down the environmental impact
and maintain safety brings significant competitive advantage. The potential can
be fully capitalised through the more efficient use of data and advanced digital
systems in production planning and monitoring.
• Emerging food production technologies such as vertical farming, aquaculture
based on water circulation, and cellular agriculture are rapidly developing. In the
future, they can offer alternative solutions for food production when harnessed
based on solar and other renewable energy production.
• Versatility in the energy system is key to increasing resilience in the energy transition currently taking place. The constrained biomass resources available for the
energy sector should be directed to the most valuable uses from the systemic
perspective with special focus to industrial uses, and other hard to decarbonise
sectors such as long-haul transport including marine and aviation transportation.
Also the efficiency of existing biomass-based energy generation can be improved
significantly by reducing losses throughout the supply chain.
Future services and knowhow
• Nature based services are essential part of bioeconomy and offer increasing
sources of health and welfare also for urban populations. Nature experiences and
new types of services (soft adventure, packaged products, guidance, products for
urban users etc.) form basis for growing tourism and business.
• Technology industries offering technology, services and machinery for the bioeconomy is a vital and increasing part of the Finnish bioeconomy and its export.
Long traditions and investments in high level education and innovation culture
form foundation for successfully renewing technology ecosystems.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2021
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT White Paper


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