Fire safety of alcoholic beverages in retail stores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A fire test series to study pool fires of ethanol-water mixtures in the small, intermediate and large scale has been performed. Additionally, demonstration tests of piles of PET plastic 0.5-L liquor bottles (39 vol%) in retail store arrays were carried out to illustrate their burning behaviour. On the basis of the test results, the burning of pool fires of different alcoholic beverages and the fire load due to alcohol can be evaluated for the purpose of performance-based fire safety design. The fire tests of retail store arrays showed that these fires grow slowly, and their heat release rate maxima are relatively low taking into account the mass of the fire load. The estimated heat release rate maxima of four-layer retail store arrays were ca. 1.5 MW and their growth times were over 600 seconds. Design fires generally used for the fire safety design of shopping centres are typically much more severe than the fire test results of retail store arrays of alcoholic beverages in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1044-1050
Number of pages7
JournalFire and Materials
Issue number8
Early online date26 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • alcohol fires
  • design fires
  • fire testing
  • heat release
  • performance-based fire safety design
  • pool fires


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