Fires at chemical warehouses: A cone calorimeter study on the burning characteristics and fire effluent composition of selected chemical compounds

Jukka Hietaniemi, Raija Kallonen, Esko Mikkola

Research output: Book/ReportReport

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cone calorimeter technique was employed to investigate the burning characteristics and composition of fire effluents of selected chemicals, including pesticides, compounds used in the chemical industry, a liquid solvent and polymers. A controlled-atmosphere apparatus was utilised, allowing the ventilation conditions in the test chamber to be varied . The quantities measured to determine the burning properties were time to ignition, rate of heat release, mass of the sample and its rate of change and the smoke production. Also, several derived quantities characterising e.g. the combustion efficiency are presented. The composition of the fire effluents was determined by FTIR spectroscopy and GC/MS analysis. With some substances the influence of extinction with a water spray was studied. A comprehensive survey of the correlations between several quantities is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages91
ISBN (Print)951-38-5085-4
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number1810
ISSN1235-0605

Keywords

  • fires
  • effluents
  • burning process
  • fire tests
  • calorimeters

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