Fireside corrosion and carburization of superheater materials in oxyfuel combustion

Pekka Pohjanne, Satu Tuurna, Pertti Auerkari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Oxyfuel combustion is considered as one of the most promising technologies to facilitate CO 2 capture from flue gases. In oxy-fuel combustion, the fuel is burned in a mixture of oxygen and recirculated flue gas. Flue gas recirculation increases the levels of fireside CO 2, SO 2, CI and moisture, and thus promotes fouling and corrosion. It has been suggested that oxide scales developing in O 2/CO 2/H 2O atmospheres are not well protective and internal carburization may occur. In this study three boiler tube steels X20CrMoV11-1, UNS S34710 and UNS S31042 were subjected to oxidation/corrosion testing at 600 and 650°C under simulated oxyfuel fired atmospheres (60% CO 2-30% H 2O-4% O 2-Ar) with and without CaCO 3-CaSO 4 deposit up to 1000 h. Reference tests were performed at the same temperatures in an atmosphere simulating conventional air-fired coal combustion. The results at 600°C and 650°C showed that the corrosion resistance increased when the chromium content increased but that without added impurities like sulfur and chlorides, the simulated oxyfuel conditions did not result in more severe corrosion than under air firing environment. No carburization of the metal substrate was observed after exposure to simulated oxyfuel gas atmospheres without deposit, although some carbon enrichment was detected near the oxide-surface interface. With extended exposure time, the oxide scale properties may change to enable metal carburization. The exposure with CaCO 3-CaSO 4 deposit at 650°C resulted in corrosion of all tested alloys and clear carburization of steels X20CrMoV11-1 and UNS S34710
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationCorrosion Conference and Expo 2012
PublisherNational Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)
ISBN (Print)978-1-6227-6078-7
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventCorrosion conference and expo 2012: NACE International corrosion 2012 conference and expo - Salt Lake City, United States
Duration: 11 Mar 201215 Mar 2012


ConferenceCorrosion conference and expo 2012
Abbreviated titleCORROSION2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City


  • Air combustion
  • corrosion
  • deposits
  • high temperature
  • oxyfuel combustion


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