Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds

Phenomenon study and comparison of scales

Heidi Nevalainen, Mikko Jegoroff, Jaakko Saastamoinen, Antti Tourunen, T. Jäntti, A. Kettunen, F. Johnsson, F. Niklasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The combustion dynamics of coal, wood chips and their mixture is investigated. Load change capability and the effect of the individual control variables, for example the mixture ratio of different fuels, on pilot-scale CFB boiler dynamics were also studied. Disturbances in fuel feeding cause fluctuations in the flue gas concentrations. Changes in the heating value are possible due to varying moisture content of the fuel. Both these disturbances affect the instantaneous firing rate in a boiler. Also the characteristics of the fuels have to be taken into consideration when designing boiler control systems. When co-firing two fuels with clearly distinct combustion characteristics, direct assumptions based on each fuel’s characteristics cannot be made about combustion behaviour of their mixture. Combustion experiments with coal and wood chips and their co-firing were carried out in a pilot-scale CFB reactor (VTT) and a large-scale CFB boiler (Chalmers). A comparison of the combustion in the two different size reactors, provides information about scaling. The combustion responses due to changes in the fuel feeding of the two circulating fluidized beds are analyzed by a dynamic model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2043-2051
JournalFuel
Volume86
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Coal
Fluidized beds
Biomass
Boilers
Wood
Boiler control
Boiler firing
Flue gases
Dynamic models
Moisture
Control systems
Heating

Keywords

  • CFBC
  • Dynamics
  • Fuel mixtures

Cite this

Nevalainen, Heidi ; Jegoroff, Mikko ; Saastamoinen, Jaakko ; Tourunen, Antti ; Jäntti, T. ; Kettunen, A. ; Johnsson, F. ; Niklasson, F. / Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds : Phenomenon study and comparison of scales. In: Fuel. 2007 ; Vol. 86, No. 14. pp. 2043-2051.
@article{ccf0d57222c64eb78558928010f815d4,
title = "Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds: Phenomenon study and comparison of scales",
abstract = "The combustion dynamics of coal, wood chips and their mixture is investigated. Load change capability and the effect of the individual control variables, for example the mixture ratio of different fuels, on pilot-scale CFB boiler dynamics were also studied. Disturbances in fuel feeding cause fluctuations in the flue gas concentrations. Changes in the heating value are possible due to varying moisture content of the fuel. Both these disturbances affect the instantaneous firing rate in a boiler. Also the characteristics of the fuels have to be taken into consideration when designing boiler control systems. When co-firing two fuels with clearly distinct combustion characteristics, direct assumptions based on each fuel’s characteristics cannot be made about combustion behaviour of their mixture. Combustion experiments with coal and wood chips and their co-firing were carried out in a pilot-scale CFB reactor (VTT) and a large-scale CFB boiler (Chalmers). A comparison of the combustion in the two different size reactors, provides information about scaling. The combustion responses due to changes in the fuel feeding of the two circulating fluidized beds are analyzed by a dynamic model.",
keywords = "CFBC, Dynamics, Fuel mixtures",
author = "Heidi Nevalainen and Mikko Jegoroff and Jaakko Saastamoinen and Antti Tourunen and T. J{\"a}ntti and A. Kettunen and F. Johnsson and F. Niklasson",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.006",
language = "English",
volume = "86",
pages = "2043--2051",
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Nevalainen, H, Jegoroff, M, Saastamoinen, J, Tourunen, A, Jäntti, T, Kettunen, A, Johnsson, F & Niklasson, F 2007, 'Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds: Phenomenon study and comparison of scales', Fuel, vol. 86, no. 14, pp. 2043-2051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.006

Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds : Phenomenon study and comparison of scales. / Nevalainen, Heidi; Jegoroff, Mikko; Saastamoinen, Jaakko; Tourunen, Antti; Jäntti, T.; Kettunen, A.; Johnsson, F.; Niklasson, F.

In: Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 14, 2007, p. 2043-2051.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Firing of coal and biomass and their mixtures in 50 kW and 12 MW circulating fluidized beds

T2 - Phenomenon study and comparison of scales

AU - Nevalainen, Heidi

AU - Jegoroff, Mikko

AU - Saastamoinen, Jaakko

AU - Tourunen, Antti

AU - Jäntti, T.

AU - Kettunen, A.

AU - Johnsson, F.

AU - Niklasson, F.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The combustion dynamics of coal, wood chips and their mixture is investigated. Load change capability and the effect of the individual control variables, for example the mixture ratio of different fuels, on pilot-scale CFB boiler dynamics were also studied. Disturbances in fuel feeding cause fluctuations in the flue gas concentrations. Changes in the heating value are possible due to varying moisture content of the fuel. Both these disturbances affect the instantaneous firing rate in a boiler. Also the characteristics of the fuels have to be taken into consideration when designing boiler control systems. When co-firing two fuels with clearly distinct combustion characteristics, direct assumptions based on each fuel’s characteristics cannot be made about combustion behaviour of their mixture. Combustion experiments with coal and wood chips and their co-firing were carried out in a pilot-scale CFB reactor (VTT) and a large-scale CFB boiler (Chalmers). A comparison of the combustion in the two different size reactors, provides information about scaling. The combustion responses due to changes in the fuel feeding of the two circulating fluidized beds are analyzed by a dynamic model.

AB - The combustion dynamics of coal, wood chips and their mixture is investigated. Load change capability and the effect of the individual control variables, for example the mixture ratio of different fuels, on pilot-scale CFB boiler dynamics were also studied. Disturbances in fuel feeding cause fluctuations in the flue gas concentrations. Changes in the heating value are possible due to varying moisture content of the fuel. Both these disturbances affect the instantaneous firing rate in a boiler. Also the characteristics of the fuels have to be taken into consideration when designing boiler control systems. When co-firing two fuels with clearly distinct combustion characteristics, direct assumptions based on each fuel’s characteristics cannot be made about combustion behaviour of their mixture. Combustion experiments with coal and wood chips and their co-firing were carried out in a pilot-scale CFB reactor (VTT) and a large-scale CFB boiler (Chalmers). A comparison of the combustion in the two different size reactors, provides information about scaling. The combustion responses due to changes in the fuel feeding of the two circulating fluidized beds are analyzed by a dynamic model.

KW - CFBC

KW - Dynamics

KW - Fuel mixtures

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.006

DO - 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.006

M3 - Article

VL - 86

SP - 2043

EP - 2051

JO - Fuel

JF - Fuel

SN - 0016-2361

IS - 14

ER -