Flat-field calibration method for hyperspectral frame cameras

Alexander Kokka, Tomi Pulli, Eija Honkavaara, Lauri Markelin, Petri Kärhä, Erkki Ikonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This paper presents a method for characterising spatial responsivity of hyperspectral cameras. Knowing the responsivity of the camera as a function of pixel coordinates allows applying a flat-field correction on image data. The method is based on scanning the field of view of the camera with a broadband radiance source, based on an integrating sphere, and combining the captured frames to synthesise a uniform radiance source filling the whole field of view of the camera at the focus distance. The method was compared with a traditional approach where the aperture of an integrating sphere is imaged from a close distance, filling the entire field of view of the camera. The measurement setup was tested with a hyperspectral camera, based on a tunable Fabry-Pérot interferometer. Without the flat-field correction, the average standard deviation of the pixel responsivities across all the spectral channels of the camera was 3.78%. After the correction, the average standard deviation was reduced to 0.40% and 3.25% for the aperture-scanning method and the close-distance method, respectively. The expanded uncertainty (k = 2) for the flat-field correction obtained using the scanning method was 0.68%-0.78%, depending on the spectral channel of the camera.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055001
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • calibration
  • camera
  • Fabry-Pérot
  • flat-fielding
  • Hyperspectral
  • measurement uncertainty
  • vignetting

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    Kokka, A., Pulli, T., Honkavaara, E., Markelin, L., Kärhä, P., & Ikonen, E. (2019). Flat-field calibration method for hyperspectral frame cameras. Metrologia, 56(5), [055001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1681-7575/ab3261