Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials

I. Mira, M. Andersson, L. Boge, I. Blute, Kristian Salminen, Timo Lappalainen, Karita Kinnunen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Work performed in the mid 1970s reports on the use of foam as a replacement for water in the paper making process. After several decades of inactivity in this area, the ever increasing need for more versatile and cost-efficient production methods capable of handling a variety of raw materials (e.g. nanoparticles, nanocellulose, flexible fibres over 25 mm-long) for the production of new types of products, has resulted in a renewed interest in the foam-based process for paper making applications. The work presented here deals with the foaming properties of the wood-pulp fibre dispersions, focusing on an aspect overlooked in the early studies, namely the role of surfactants, their structure and concentration on the properties of foams produced from fibre dispersions. The mechanical properties of the resulting hand-made paper sheets are also investigated. Suitable surfactants were selected based on their reported good foaming properties, compatibility with common paper making additives, availability on an industrial scale as well as environmental safety. The results from foamability and foam stability studies confirmed that the foaming properties of these systems are the result of a complex interplay of physico-chemical interactions between surfactants, fibres and other additives, where non-equilibrium phenomena play a major role. Properties of the resulting paper handsheets, such as mechanical strength and water adsorption, were found to vary significantly depending on the nature of the surfactants used, systems containing non-charged surfactants of the alkyl polyglucoside type displaying the best performance.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventFORMULA VII - Mulhouse, France
Duration: 1 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Conference

ConferenceFORMULA VII
CountryFrance
CityMulhouse
Period1/07/134/07/13

Fingerprint

Surface-Active Agents
Cellulose
Pulp
Foams
Fibers
Dispersions
Water
Strength of materials
Wood
Raw materials
Availability
Nanoparticles
Adsorption
Mechanical properties
Costs

Keywords

  • foam forming
  • fibre-surfactant systems
  • SDS
  • foamability
  • foam hansheet mold

Cite this

Mira, I., Andersson, M., Boge, L., Blute, I., Salminen, K., Lappalainen, T., & Kinnunen, K. (2013). Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials. Paper presented at FORMULA VII, Mulhouse, France.
Mira, I. ; Andersson, M. ; Boge, L. ; Blute, I. ; Salminen, Kristian ; Lappalainen, Timo ; Kinnunen, Karita. / Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials. Paper presented at FORMULA VII, Mulhouse, France.
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abstract = "Work performed in the mid 1970s reports on the use of foam as a replacement for water in the paper making process. After several decades of inactivity in this area, the ever increasing need for more versatile and cost-efficient production methods capable of handling a variety of raw materials (e.g. nanoparticles, nanocellulose, flexible fibres over 25 mm-long) for the production of new types of products, has resulted in a renewed interest in the foam-based process for paper making applications. The work presented here deals with the foaming properties of the wood-pulp fibre dispersions, focusing on an aspect overlooked in the early studies, namely the role of surfactants, their structure and concentration on the properties of foams produced from fibre dispersions. The mechanical properties of the resulting hand-made paper sheets are also investigated. Suitable surfactants were selected based on their reported good foaming properties, compatibility with common paper making additives, availability on an industrial scale as well as environmental safety. The results from foamability and foam stability studies confirmed that the foaming properties of these systems are the result of a complex interplay of physico-chemical interactions between surfactants, fibres and other additives, where non-equilibrium phenomena play a major role. Properties of the resulting paper handsheets, such as mechanical strength and water adsorption, were found to vary significantly depending on the nature of the surfactants used, systems containing non-charged surfactants of the alkyl polyglucoside type displaying the best performance.",
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Mira, I, Andersson, M, Boge, L, Blute, I, Salminen, K, Lappalainen, T & Kinnunen, K 2013, 'Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials' Paper presented at FORMULA VII, Mulhouse, France, 1/07/13 - 4/07/13, .

Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials. / Mira, I.; Andersson, M.; Boge, L.; Blute, I.; Salminen, Kristian; Lappalainen, Timo; Kinnunen, Karita.

2013. Paper presented at FORMULA VII, Mulhouse, France.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials

AU - Mira, I.

AU - Andersson, M.

AU - Boge, L.

AU - Blute, I.

AU - Salminen, Kristian

AU - Lappalainen, Timo

AU - Kinnunen, Karita

N1 - Project code: 73363

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Work performed in the mid 1970s reports on the use of foam as a replacement for water in the paper making process. After several decades of inactivity in this area, the ever increasing need for more versatile and cost-efficient production methods capable of handling a variety of raw materials (e.g. nanoparticles, nanocellulose, flexible fibres over 25 mm-long) for the production of new types of products, has resulted in a renewed interest in the foam-based process for paper making applications. The work presented here deals with the foaming properties of the wood-pulp fibre dispersions, focusing on an aspect overlooked in the early studies, namely the role of surfactants, their structure and concentration on the properties of foams produced from fibre dispersions. The mechanical properties of the resulting hand-made paper sheets are also investigated. Suitable surfactants were selected based on their reported good foaming properties, compatibility with common paper making additives, availability on an industrial scale as well as environmental safety. The results from foamability and foam stability studies confirmed that the foaming properties of these systems are the result of a complex interplay of physico-chemical interactions between surfactants, fibres and other additives, where non-equilibrium phenomena play a major role. Properties of the resulting paper handsheets, such as mechanical strength and water adsorption, were found to vary significantly depending on the nature of the surfactants used, systems containing non-charged surfactants of the alkyl polyglucoside type displaying the best performance.

AB - Work performed in the mid 1970s reports on the use of foam as a replacement for water in the paper making process. After several decades of inactivity in this area, the ever increasing need for more versatile and cost-efficient production methods capable of handling a variety of raw materials (e.g. nanoparticles, nanocellulose, flexible fibres over 25 mm-long) for the production of new types of products, has resulted in a renewed interest in the foam-based process for paper making applications. The work presented here deals with the foaming properties of the wood-pulp fibre dispersions, focusing on an aspect overlooked in the early studies, namely the role of surfactants, their structure and concentration on the properties of foams produced from fibre dispersions. The mechanical properties of the resulting hand-made paper sheets are also investigated. Suitable surfactants were selected based on their reported good foaming properties, compatibility with common paper making additives, availability on an industrial scale as well as environmental safety. The results from foamability and foam stability studies confirmed that the foaming properties of these systems are the result of a complex interplay of physico-chemical interactions between surfactants, fibres and other additives, where non-equilibrium phenomena play a major role. Properties of the resulting paper handsheets, such as mechanical strength and water adsorption, were found to vary significantly depending on the nature of the surfactants used, systems containing non-charged surfactants of the alkyl polyglucoside type displaying the best performance.

KW - foam forming

KW - fibre-surfactant systems

KW - SDS

KW - foamability

KW - foam hansheet mold

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Mira I, Andersson M, Boge L, Blute I, Salminen K, Lappalainen T et al. Foaming behaviour of cellulose pulp fibre-surfactant systems used for novel production of fibre-based materials. 2013. Paper presented at FORMULA VII, Mulhouse, France.