Food Industry Co-streams: Potential Raw Materials for Biodegradable Mulch Film Applications

Sanna Virtanen, Ravindra Reddy Chowreddy, Sibel Irmak, Kaisu Honkapää, Loren Isom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)


    Vast amounts of co-streams are generated from plant and animal-based food processing industries. Efficient utilization of these co-streams is important from an economic and environmental perspective. Non-utilization or under-utilization of co-streams results in loss of potential revenues, increased disposal cost of these products and environmental pollution. At present, extensive research is taking place around the globe towards recycling of co-streams to generate value-added products. This review evaluates various co-streams from food processing industries as raw materials in developing biodegradable agricultural mulching applications. Among the agriculture-based co-streams, potato peels, tomato peels, carrot residues, apple pomace, coffee residues and peanut residues were reviewed with respect to production amount, composition, film forming components and film forming capabilities. Similarly, selected co-streams from slaughterhouses, poultry and fish processing industries were also reviewed and evaluated for the same purpose.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1110-1130
    JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
    Issue number4
    Early online date2016
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Biodegradable polymers
    • Food co-streams
    • Mulch films
    • Raw materials


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