Forest Fuel Supply Through the Terminal Network in Finland and Sweden

Matti Virkkunen, Jyrki Raitila

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Finland and Sweden are the world leaders in large scale wood fuel utilization for heat and power generation. A vast network of large installations and the great centralized demand around high capacity CHP generation units have created challenging requirements for the reliability and volumes of wood fuel supply all year round. To ensure smooth feedstock supply both countries have established a wide network of wood fuel terminals for securing continuous supply of wood fuel. The supply through terminal network accounts for 55% 7.8 TWh (28 PJ) of forest fuels delivered to heat and power plants in Sweden and 45% 6.4 TWh (23 PJ) in Finland. The objective of this study was to give an overview of the wood fuel terminal situation in Finland and Sweden, to study practical ways to improve the efficiency of large scale wood fuel supply through terminals and to compare wood fuel supply costs through terminals with direct supply chains.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
    PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
    ISBN (Print)978-88-89407-165
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    Event24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Duration: 6 Jun 20169 Jun 2016


    Conference24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016
    Abbreviated titleEUBCE 2016


    • cost analysis
    • forest fuel supply
    • biomass terminal
    • terminal operations
    • wood fuel supply


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