Formation of NH3 and HCN in slow-heating-rate inert pyrolysis of peat, coal and bark

Jukka Leppälahti

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In gasification processes, nitrogen compounds are formed in the gas. There are very few data available on the conversion of fuel nitrogen to nitrogen compounds in pyrolysis conditions that simulate fixed-bed or fluidized-bed gasification or other fuels than coal.
In this study, relatively large fuel pieces of peats, bark and coal were pyrolysed in an inert gas atmosphere at a slow heating rate. All fuels produced more NH3 than HCN. The conversion of fuel nitrogen to NH3 ranged from 17 to 24 wt% for peat, 10 to 12 wt% for bark and 15 to 17 wt% for coal.
The conversion of fuel nitrogen to HCN was 5–11 wt% for coals and considerably less for the other fuels. Increasing the tar cracking can increase the HCN conversion and NH3 conversion in peat pyrolysis.
The pyrolysis of fuel pieces seems to produce the NH3 and HCN observed in the fixed-bed gasifiers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1368
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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