In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the tensile index and elongation of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibril length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibril length of the MFC from 221 ìm to 100 ìm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood pulp and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of 10% MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of 10% fractionated MFC using the gel technique.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- micro fibrillated cellulose fibre
- nano composites
- fibre fractionation