Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper

A. Madani, J.A. Olson, Harri Kiiskinen, D.M. Martinez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 µm to 100 µm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPaperCon 2011
PublisherTAPPI Press
Pages371-378
ISBN (Print)978-161839443-9
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventPaper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2011 - Covington, United States
Duration: 1 May 20114 May 2011

Conference

ConferencePaper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2011
Abbreviated titlePaperCon 2011
CountryUnited States
CityCovington
Period1/05/114/05/11

Fingerprint

Fractionation
Elongation
Cellulose
Gels
Fibers
Wood chemicals
Composite materials
Tensile strength
Physical properties

Cite this

Madani, A., Olson, J. A., Kiiskinen, H., & Martinez, D. M. (2011). Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. In PaperCon 2011 (pp. 371-378). TAPPI Press.
Madani, A. ; Olson, J.A. ; Kiiskinen, Harri ; Martinez, D.M. / Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. PaperCon 2011. TAPPI Press, 2011. pp. 371-378
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title = "Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper",
abstract = "In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 µm to 100 µm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25{\%} improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10{\%} improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique",
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Madani, A, Olson, JA, Kiiskinen, H & Martinez, DM 2011, Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. in PaperCon 2011. TAPPI Press, pp. 371-378, Paper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2011, Covington, United States, 1/05/11.

Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. / Madani, A.; Olson, J.A.; Kiiskinen, Harri; Martinez, D.M.

PaperCon 2011. TAPPI Press, 2011. p. 371-378.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper

AU - Madani, A.

AU - Olson, J.A.

AU - Kiiskinen, Harri

AU - Martinez, D.M.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 µm to 100 µm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique

AB - In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 µm to 100 µm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-161839443-9

SP - 371

EP - 378

BT - PaperCon 2011

PB - TAPPI Press

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Madani A, Olson JA, Kiiskinen H, Martinez DM. Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. In PaperCon 2011. TAPPI Press. 2011. p. 371-378