Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper

Ario Madani, James A. Olson, Harri Kiiskinen (Corresponding author), D. M. Martinez (Corresponding author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 μm to 100 μm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPaper Conference and Trade Show 2011
Subtitle of host publicationPaperCon 2011
Pages371-378
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventPaper Conference and Trade Show 2011, PaperCon 2011 - Covington, United States
Duration: 1 May 20114 May 2011

Conference

ConferencePaper Conference and Trade Show 2011, PaperCon 2011
Abbreviated titlePaperCon 2011
CountryUnited States
CityCovington
Period1/05/114/05/11

Fingerprint

Fractionation
Elongation
Cellulose
Gels
Fibers
Wood chemicals
Composite materials
Tensile strength
Physical properties

Cite this

Madani, A., Olson, J. A., Kiiskinen, H., & Martinez, D. M. (2011). Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. In Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011: PaperCon 2011 (pp. 371-378)
Madani, Ario ; Olson, James A. ; Kiiskinen, Harri ; Martinez, D. M. / Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011: PaperCon 2011. 2011. pp. 371-378
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abstract = "In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 μm to 100 μm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25{\%} improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10{\%} improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique.",
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Madani, A, Olson, JA, Kiiskinen, H & Martinez, DM 2011, Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. in Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011: PaperCon 2011. pp. 371-378, Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011, PaperCon 2011, Covington, United States, 1/05/11.

Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. / Madani, Ario; Olson, James A.; Kiiskinen, Harri (Corresponding author); Martinez, D. M. (Corresponding author).

Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011: PaperCon 2011. 2011. p. 371-378.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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N2 - In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 μm to 100 μm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique.

AB - In this work we examine the fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and its effect on the physical properties of paper. In the first part of this work, we evaluate the fractionation of commercially available MFC using multiple stages of traditional fractionation unit operations, namely a hydrocyclone, a pressure screen, and a novel technique based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a weak gel. The results indicate that a smaller fibre length average fraction could be obtained using the gel separation technique than using multiple stages of separation in both the hydrocyclone and the pressure screen. With the gel technique we were able to reduce the average fibre length of the MFC from 221 μm to 100 μm. In the second part of the work, composite paper samples were formed by addition of fractionated and non-fractionated MFC to chemical wood fibres and the strength of the resulting composites were studied. The results showed 25% improvement in tensile index by addition of MFC and an additional 10% improvement in tensile strength by addition of fractionated MFC using the gel technique.

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Madani A, Olson JA, Kiiskinen H, Martinez DM. Fractionation of microfibrillated cellulose and its effects on tensile index and elongation of paper. In Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011: PaperCon 2011. 2011. p. 371-378