Fractionation of non-Brownian rod-like particle suspensions in a viscoplastic fluid

A. Madani, S. Storey, James A. Olson, I. A. Frigaard, Juha Salmela, D. M. Martinez (Corresponding Author)

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we explore a fractionation technique for non-Brownian rod-like particle suspensions based upon the control of the threshold for motion in a yield stress fluid. The principle is demonstrated by observing the motion of particles under the influence of a centrifugal force in a weak gel. Here we develop calibration curves of the force required to initiate motion in a gel under numerous configurations of the particles. Demonstration separations of bidisperse suspensions are reported. Here we achieve complete separation of dilute suspensions based upon length, diameter, or density. The method is then applied to an industrially important suspension, that is a polydispersed papermaking fibre suspension, in which a length-based fractionation is reported.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1762-1772
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Non-Newtonian fluid mechanics
  • Papermaking suspensions
  • Sedimentation
  • Viscoplastic fluid

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    Madani, A., Storey, S., Olson, J. A., Frigaard, I. A., Salmela, J., & Martinez, D. M. (2010). Fractionation of non-Brownian rod-like particle suspensions in a viscoplastic fluid. Chemical Engineering Science, 65(5), 1762-1772. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2009.11.017