Fracture behaviour of diffusion bonded bimaterial Ti-Al joints

Gorel Cam, Mustafa Kocak, Daniel Dobi, Liisa Heikinheimo, Mika Siren

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Failure modes of constrained metal foils between two elastic solids are rather different from those in the unconstrained condition. If the interface adhesion is strong between materials, a lower strength thin metal (plastic) foil between two much higher strength metals (elastic) can undergo substantial plastic deformation and fail with high triaxiality induced ductile fracture. Experiments have been conducted to explore the modes of failure and the factors governing fracture in such a constrained metal interlayer. In the present work, the effects of soft inter layer thickness and brittle reaction layer on the fracture behaviour of four point bend specimens have been investigated. A series of solid state diffusion bonds were produced between 25 × 25 mm section titanium bars using pure aluminium foils of different thickness (50, 457, 914, and 2000 μm) as the soft constrained inter layer. All four point bend specimens containing an ∼ 2 μm thick intermetallic reaction layer TiAl3 between the titanium and aluminium failed in ductile fracture mode within the soft aluminium interlayer next to the interface. A number of void formations were observed ahead of the crack tip next to the interface. No evidence of interface debonding was observed. However, the specimens containing an 8 μm thick TiAl3 layer failed by brittle fracture along the interface between the titanium substrate and the TiAl3 layer. It was found that decreasing the soft interlayer thickness from 2000 to 457 μm increased the load carrying capacity and decreased the fracture toughness caused by constrained plastic deformation (high triaxiality) of the interlayer.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)95 - 101
    Number of pages7
    JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
    Volume2
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Titanium
    Ductile fracture
    Metals
    Aluminum
    Metal foil
    interlayers
    Plastic deformation
    triaxial stresses
    Aluminum foil
    titanium
    Debonding
    Brittle fracture
    Load limits
    aluminum
    Crack tips
    Failure modes
    plastic deformation
    Intermetallics
    Fracture toughness
    foils

    Cite this

    Cam, Gorel ; Kocak, Mustafa ; Dobi, Daniel ; Heikinheimo, Liisa ; Siren, Mika. / Fracture behaviour of diffusion bonded bimaterial Ti-Al joints. In: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 1997 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 95 - 101.
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    abstract = "Failure modes of constrained metal foils between two elastic solids are rather different from those in the unconstrained condition. If the interface adhesion is strong between materials, a lower strength thin metal (plastic) foil between two much higher strength metals (elastic) can undergo substantial plastic deformation and fail with high triaxiality induced ductile fracture. Experiments have been conducted to explore the modes of failure and the factors governing fracture in such a constrained metal interlayer. In the present work, the effects of soft inter layer thickness and brittle reaction layer on the fracture behaviour of four point bend specimens have been investigated. A series of solid state diffusion bonds were produced between 25 × 25 mm section titanium bars using pure aluminium foils of different thickness (50, 457, 914, and 2000 μm) as the soft constrained inter layer. All four point bend specimens containing an ∼ 2 μm thick intermetallic reaction layer TiAl3 between the titanium and aluminium failed in ductile fracture mode within the soft aluminium interlayer next to the interface. A number of void formations were observed ahead of the crack tip next to the interface. No evidence of interface debonding was observed. However, the specimens containing an 8 μm thick TiAl3 layer failed by brittle fracture along the interface between the titanium substrate and the TiAl3 layer. It was found that decreasing the soft interlayer thickness from 2000 to 457 μm increased the load carrying capacity and decreased the fracture toughness caused by constrained plastic deformation (high triaxiality) of the interlayer.",
    author = "Gorel Cam and Mustafa Kocak and Daniel Dobi and Liisa Heikinheimo and Mika Siren",
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    Fracture behaviour of diffusion bonded bimaterial Ti-Al joints. / Cam, Gorel; Kocak, Mustafa; Dobi, Daniel; Heikinheimo, Liisa; Siren, Mika.

    In: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1997, p. 95 - 101.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Cam, Gorel

    AU - Kocak, Mustafa

    AU - Dobi, Daniel

    AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

    AU - Siren, Mika

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    N2 - Failure modes of constrained metal foils between two elastic solids are rather different from those in the unconstrained condition. If the interface adhesion is strong between materials, a lower strength thin metal (plastic) foil between two much higher strength metals (elastic) can undergo substantial plastic deformation and fail with high triaxiality induced ductile fracture. Experiments have been conducted to explore the modes of failure and the factors governing fracture in such a constrained metal interlayer. In the present work, the effects of soft inter layer thickness and brittle reaction layer on the fracture behaviour of four point bend specimens have been investigated. A series of solid state diffusion bonds were produced between 25 × 25 mm section titanium bars using pure aluminium foils of different thickness (50, 457, 914, and 2000 μm) as the soft constrained inter layer. All four point bend specimens containing an ∼ 2 μm thick intermetallic reaction layer TiAl3 between the titanium and aluminium failed in ductile fracture mode within the soft aluminium interlayer next to the interface. A number of void formations were observed ahead of the crack tip next to the interface. No evidence of interface debonding was observed. However, the specimens containing an 8 μm thick TiAl3 layer failed by brittle fracture along the interface between the titanium substrate and the TiAl3 layer. It was found that decreasing the soft interlayer thickness from 2000 to 457 μm increased the load carrying capacity and decreased the fracture toughness caused by constrained plastic deformation (high triaxiality) of the interlayer.

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