Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites

Tero Uuttu, Tom Gustafsson, Kim Wallin, Pertti Auerkari

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

Particle reinforcement is an efficient way to improve, for example, the stiffness and wear resistance of aluminium alloys, but tends to severely reduce ductility and fracture toughness. To encourage the use of these materials by designers and maintain the toughness in manufacturing, tools are needed to account for such reduction. The fracture toughness of PM hot extruded and cast silicon carbide particle reinforced aluminum alloys was tested. Crack propagation was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the fracture surfaces. SEM examination showed that a crack tends to propagate through regions where particles cluster to form a relatively brittle region. Tougher regions with less particles tend to retard crack propagation by bridging the crack. On the basis of these results, a model for fracture of particle reinforced metal matrix composites is proposed. In this fracture model, ductile ligaments are assumed to bridge the crack in a brittle matrix. The ratio of fracture toughness value of the brittle zone to that of the matrix alloy appears to be the main factor controlling the crack path and reduction in overall fracture toughness of these materials.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)951-38-4625-3
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Publications
Number187
ISSN1235-0621

Fingerprint

Fracture toughness
Cracks
Aluminum
Composite materials
Aluminum alloys
Crack propagation
Scanning electron microscopy
Ligaments
Silicon carbide
Toughness
Wear resistance
Ductility
Reinforcement
Stiffness
Metals

Keywords

  • composite materials
  • aluminium alloys
  • silicon carbide
  • extrusions
  • castings
  • fracture
  • properties
  • determination
  • electron microscopy

Cite this

Uuttu, T., Gustafsson, T., Wallin, K., & Auerkari, P. (1994). Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 187
Uuttu, Tero ; Gustafsson, Tom ; Wallin, Kim ; Auerkari, Pertti. / Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 24 p. (VTT Publications; No. 187).
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Uuttu, T, Gustafsson, T, Wallin, K & Auerkari, P 1994, Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites. VTT Publications, no. 187, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites. / Uuttu, Tero; Gustafsson, Tom; Wallin, Kim; Auerkari, Pertti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 24 p. (VTT Publications; No. 187).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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T1 - Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites

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AU - Auerkari, Pertti

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PY - 1994

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N2 - Particle reinforcement is an efficient way to improve, for example, the stiffness and wear resistance of aluminium alloys, but tends to severely reduce ductility and fracture toughness. To encourage the use of these materials by designers and maintain the toughness in manufacturing, tools are needed to account for such reduction. The fracture toughness of PM hot extruded and cast silicon carbide particle reinforced aluminum alloys was tested. Crack propagation was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the fracture surfaces. SEM examination showed that a crack tends to propagate through regions where particles cluster to form a relatively brittle region. Tougher regions with less particles tend to retard crack propagation by bridging the crack. On the basis of these results, a model for fracture of particle reinforced metal matrix composites is proposed. In this fracture model, ductile ligaments are assumed to bridge the crack in a brittle matrix. The ratio of fracture toughness value of the brittle zone to that of the matrix alloy appears to be the main factor controlling the crack path and reduction in overall fracture toughness of these materials.

AB - Particle reinforcement is an efficient way to improve, for example, the stiffness and wear resistance of aluminium alloys, but tends to severely reduce ductility and fracture toughness. To encourage the use of these materials by designers and maintain the toughness in manufacturing, tools are needed to account for such reduction. The fracture toughness of PM hot extruded and cast silicon carbide particle reinforced aluminum alloys was tested. Crack propagation was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the fracture surfaces. SEM examination showed that a crack tends to propagate through regions where particles cluster to form a relatively brittle region. Tougher regions with less particles tend to retard crack propagation by bridging the crack. On the basis of these results, a model for fracture of particle reinforced metal matrix composites is proposed. In this fracture model, ductile ligaments are assumed to bridge the crack in a brittle matrix. The ratio of fracture toughness value of the brittle zone to that of the matrix alloy appears to be the main factor controlling the crack path and reduction in overall fracture toughness of these materials.

KW - composite materials

KW - aluminium alloys

KW - silicon carbide

KW - extrusions

KW - castings

KW - fracture

KW - properties

KW - determination

KW - electron microscopy

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-4625-3

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Uuttu T, Gustafsson T, Wallin K, Auerkari P. Fracture of PM hot extruded and cast particle reinforced aluminium matrix composites. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 24 p. (VTT Publications; No. 187).