Fracture toughness characterisation in the ductile-to-brittle transition and upper shelf regimes using pre-cracked Charpy single-edge bend specimens

J. Heerens (Corresponding Author), R.A. Ainsworth, R. Moskovic, Kim Wallin

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    22 Citations (Scopus)


    Fracture toughness data of pre-cracked Charpy single-edge bend, SE(B), specimens are compared with those of standard compact, C(T), specimens in the upper shelf and ductile-to-brittle transition regimes. Charpy sized SE(B) specimens provide ductile fracture toughness data, which are compatible with those of standard C(T) specimens. Statistical methods such as the exponential curve fitting method (ECF), the engineering lower bound toughness method (ELB), and the Master Curve method (MC) are used to provide meaningful lower bound cleavage fracture toughness estimates from the toughness scatter of the Charpy sized SE(B) specimens in the ductile-to-brittle transition regime. In this regime, according to the ELB and MC methods, SE(B) specimens provide cleavage toughness data, which tend to be non-conservative compared to those of standard C(T) specimens. However, analyses based on the exponential curve fitting method show good agreement between the fracture toughness estimates for the C(T) and Charpy size SE(B) specimens. At the lower bound toughness level (5% cleavage failure probability), corresponding to J=100 N/mm, the ductile-to-brittle transition curves of SE(B) specimens are reduced by 5–8 °C compared to those of standard C(T) specimens according to the MC-method. A constraint correction function for SE(B) specimens is presented that can be used to make cleavage toughness data of SE(B) specimens compatible with those of standard C(T) specimens.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)649 - 667
    Number of pages19
    JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



    • Ductile-to-brittle transition regime
    • Pre-cracked Charpy SE(B) specimens
    • Fracture toughness
    • Constraint effects
    • Exponential curve fitting method
    • Engineering lower bound toughness method
    • Master Curve method
    • Pressure vessel steel

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