Framework for sustainable food packaging design

Kaisa Grönman (Corresponding Author), Risto Soukka, Terhen Järvi-Kääriäinen, Juha-Matti Katajajuuri, Mika Kuisma, Heta-Kaisa Koivupuro, Margareetta Ollila, Marja Pitkänen, Olli Miettinen, Frans Silvenius, Rabbe Thun, Helena Wessman, Lassi Linnanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    104 Citations (Scopus)


    The environmental impacts of packages have been found to be relatively small compared with the food items they contain. Furthermore, from the environmental and operational point of view, the most significant task of the package is to protect the product, which is important to acknowledge in the packaging design process. This study introduces a guiding framework for designing sustainable food packaging. In this approach, the entire life cycle of the product–package combination is taken into consideration. The emphasis is on the prevention of food losses in packaging design as a major environmental criterion. Consideration of the properties of both the package and the product itself when designing the final package will lead to a better end result with smaller product losses and environmental impacts. By using different assessment methods in the different stages of the packaging design, the sustainability of the package can be enhanced. The decision making of the packaging designer is facilitated with methods that are introduced step by step and in a certain order that will also allow for corrective measures through back‐loops in the design process. The purpose is to integrate sustainability aspects at all stages firmly into the design process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)187-200
    JournalPackaging Technology and Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Environmental impacts
    • food losses
    • packaging desing
    • sustainability


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