FT-IR solid-state NMR investigation of surface hydroxyl groups on dealuminated ZSM-S

Aila Maijanen (Corresponding Author), Eric Derouane, Janos Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


H-ZSM-5 (Si/Al = 14.6) was progressively dealuminated by steaming at 350°C (1–72 h) and then characterized by transmission infra-red and solid-state NMR spectroscopies (29Si, 27Al, and 1H). The structural hydroxyl groups on the activated zeolite surface were examined by FT-IR before and after pyridine adsorption in the range 400–4000 cm-1. The number of Brönsted acid sites decreases as the steaming time increases and Brönsted sites of varying acid strength are shown to be present on the surface. Moderately steamed (25–50 h at 350°C) ZSM-5 contains three distinct types of hydroxyl groups, namely, bridged Si-OH-Al species of strong Brönsted acidity, non-acidic terminal SiOH groups, and weakly acidic hydroxylated aluminum species, which was also shown by 1H NMR. Two distinct types of Lewis acid sites were observed. The number of Si-OH defects estimated by 29Si and 27Al NMR is at maximum in a sample steamed for 25 h and then decreases due to the healing of hydroxyl nests during further dealumination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-212
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event2nd International Symposium on Atomically Controlled Surfaces and Iterfaces, ACSI-2, Univ. of Joensuu. Joensuu, 16 - 18 June 1993 -
Duration: 1 Jan 1994 → …


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