Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II

Johan Mangs, Olavi Keski-Rahkonen

Research output: Book/ReportReport

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three full-scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets have been carried out. In the experiments, one cabinet, the fire cabinet, was fitted with relays, connectors, wiring, cables and circuit boards. A mock-up cabinet made of thin steel sheets was attached to the fire cabinet in order to study the response of an adjoining cabinet to the fire. Another cabinet was placed at a distance of 1 m opposite the fire cabinet to represent a neighbouring row of cabinets. The fire cabinet was ignited with a small propane burner either at the bottom of the cabinet beneath a vertical cable bundle or beneath a wiring bundle. The rate of heat release by means of oxygen consumption calorimetry, mass change, CO2, CO and smoke production rate, and gas and wall temperatures in all three cabinets were measured as a function of time. The key role of the ventilation conditions in the cabinet was clearly shown by determining the rate of heat release. The ignition power and energy sufficient for sustained burning leading to flashover in the cabinet was determined. The ignition power and energy levels seem to be fairly near the ignition/no ignition limit of the cabinet. The fire growth rate after ignition was estimated to be slow.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages55
ISBN (Print)951-38-4927-9
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Publications
Number269
ISSN1235-0621

Fingerprint

Fires
Ignition
Experiments
Electric wiring
Cables
Flashover
Calorimetry
Steel sheet
Fuel burners
Smoke
Propane
Printed circuit boards
Electron energy levels
Ventilation
Oxygen
Networks (circuits)
Gases
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • fires
  • fire tests
  • fire ignition
  • electric devices
  • electric relays
  • electric connectors
  • wiring
  • ventilation
  • measurement
  • fire safety
  • buildings
  • cables
  • electronics
  • cabinets
  • rate of heat
  • release
  • ignition power
  • ignition energy
  • fire grouth
  • fire

Cite this

Mangs, J., & Keski-Rahkonen, O. (1996). Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 269
Mangs, Johan ; Keski-Rahkonen, Olavi. / Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 55 p. (VTT Publications; No. 269).
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abstract = "Three full-scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets have been carried out. In the experiments, one cabinet, the fire cabinet, was fitted with relays, connectors, wiring, cables and circuit boards. A mock-up cabinet made of thin steel sheets was attached to the fire cabinet in order to study the response of an adjoining cabinet to the fire. Another cabinet was placed at a distance of 1 m opposite the fire cabinet to represent a neighbouring row of cabinets. The fire cabinet was ignited with a small propane burner either at the bottom of the cabinet beneath a vertical cable bundle or beneath a wiring bundle. The rate of heat release by means of oxygen consumption calorimetry, mass change, CO2, CO and smoke production rate, and gas and wall temperatures in all three cabinets were measured as a function of time. The key role of the ventilation conditions in the cabinet was clearly shown by determining the rate of heat release. The ignition power and energy sufficient for sustained burning leading to flashover in the cabinet was determined. The ignition power and energy levels seem to be fairly near the ignition/no ignition limit of the cabinet. The fire growth rate after ignition was estimated to be slow.",
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Mangs, J & Keski-Rahkonen, O 1996, Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II. VTT Publications, no. 269, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II. / Mangs, Johan; Keski-Rahkonen, Olavi.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 55 p. (VTT Publications; No. 269).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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T1 - Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II

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N2 - Three full-scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets have been carried out. In the experiments, one cabinet, the fire cabinet, was fitted with relays, connectors, wiring, cables and circuit boards. A mock-up cabinet made of thin steel sheets was attached to the fire cabinet in order to study the response of an adjoining cabinet to the fire. Another cabinet was placed at a distance of 1 m opposite the fire cabinet to represent a neighbouring row of cabinets. The fire cabinet was ignited with a small propane burner either at the bottom of the cabinet beneath a vertical cable bundle or beneath a wiring bundle. The rate of heat release by means of oxygen consumption calorimetry, mass change, CO2, CO and smoke production rate, and gas and wall temperatures in all three cabinets were measured as a function of time. The key role of the ventilation conditions in the cabinet was clearly shown by determining the rate of heat release. The ignition power and energy sufficient for sustained burning leading to flashover in the cabinet was determined. The ignition power and energy levels seem to be fairly near the ignition/no ignition limit of the cabinet. The fire growth rate after ignition was estimated to be slow.

AB - Three full-scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets have been carried out. In the experiments, one cabinet, the fire cabinet, was fitted with relays, connectors, wiring, cables and circuit boards. A mock-up cabinet made of thin steel sheets was attached to the fire cabinet in order to study the response of an adjoining cabinet to the fire. Another cabinet was placed at a distance of 1 m opposite the fire cabinet to represent a neighbouring row of cabinets. The fire cabinet was ignited with a small propane burner either at the bottom of the cabinet beneath a vertical cable bundle or beneath a wiring bundle. The rate of heat release by means of oxygen consumption calorimetry, mass change, CO2, CO and smoke production rate, and gas and wall temperatures in all three cabinets were measured as a function of time. The key role of the ventilation conditions in the cabinet was clearly shown by determining the rate of heat release. The ignition power and energy sufficient for sustained burning leading to flashover in the cabinet was determined. The ignition power and energy levels seem to be fairly near the ignition/no ignition limit of the cabinet. The fire growth rate after ignition was estimated to be slow.

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KW - fire safety

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Mangs J, Keski-Rahkonen O. Full scale fire experiments on electronic cabinets II. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 55 p. (VTT Publications; No. 269).