Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions

Ilkka Perälä, Aki Kinnunen, Pekka Koskinen, Jaakko Heinonen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ships navigating in winter conditions frequently come in contact with ice blocks floating on the waterways. The ice blocks can collide with the propulsion machinery of the ship. Especially the interaction between ice and ship azimuthing propulsion call for greater understanding. Ice blocks can collide with the azimuthing propulsion units in many different ways, one of them being the propulsion unit hitting the ice block as the ship advances. This is an impact type loading case and the dynamics of the thruster and ship hull affect to the load response level obtained in this case. In a dynamic system, the damping is greatly affecting to the response level. To study the dynamics and damping in an ice impact event, a full-scale test opportunity was found in an azimuthing thruster test bench. An impact test with a full-scale thruster and ice blocks was carried out in the laboratory with velocities corresponding to realistic ship operating speeds. In addition, numerical analyses of the ice-structure interaction were carried out and structural response was compared with the impact test measurements. Comparison between the simulations and the tests gave valuable information about the thruster dynamics during the ice impact.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions
    Number of pages12
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2017 - Busan, Korea, Republic of
    Duration: 11 Jun 201716 Jun 2017
    Conference number: 24

    Publication series

    SeriesPOAC Proceedings
    ISSN0376-6756

    Conference

    Conference24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2017
    Abbreviated titlePOAC 2017
    CountryKorea, Republic of
    CityBusan
    Period11/06/1716/06/17

    Fingerprint

    Ice
    Ships
    Propulsion
    Damping
    Ship propulsion
    Machinery
    Dynamical systems

    Keywords

    • ice
    • ice impact
    • azimuthing propulsion
    • dimulation
    • full-Scale measurement
    • Full-scale measurement

    Cite this

    Perälä, I., Kinnunen, A., Koskinen, P., & Heinonen, J. (2017). Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions POAC Proceedings
    Perälä, Ilkka ; Kinnunen, Aki ; Koskinen, Pekka ; Heinonen, Jaakko. / Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions. Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. 2017. (POAC Proceedings).
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    title = "Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions",
    abstract = "Ships navigating in winter conditions frequently come in contact with ice blocks floating on the waterways. The ice blocks can collide with the propulsion machinery of the ship. Especially the interaction between ice and ship azimuthing propulsion call for greater understanding. Ice blocks can collide with the azimuthing propulsion units in many different ways, one of them being the propulsion unit hitting the ice block as the ship advances. This is an impact type loading case and the dynamics of the thruster and ship hull affect to the load response level obtained in this case. In a dynamic system, the damping is greatly affecting to the response level. To study the dynamics and damping in an ice impact event, a full-scale test opportunity was found in an azimuthing thruster test bench. An impact test with a full-scale thruster and ice blocks was carried out in the laboratory with velocities corresponding to realistic ship operating speeds. In addition, numerical analyses of the ice-structure interaction were carried out and structural response was compared with the impact test measurements. Comparison between the simulations and the tests gave valuable information about the thruster dynamics during the ice impact.",
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    author = "Ilkka Per{\"a}l{\"a} and Aki Kinnunen and Pekka Koskinen and Jaakko Heinonen",
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    Perälä, I, Kinnunen, A, Koskinen, P & Heinonen, J 2017, Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions. in Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. POAC Proceedings, 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2017, Busan, Korea, Republic of, 11/06/17.

    Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions. / Perälä, Ilkka; Kinnunen, Aki; Koskinen, Pekka; Heinonen, Jaakko.

    Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. 2017. (POAC Proceedings).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Perälä, Ilkka

    AU - Kinnunen, Aki

    AU - Koskinen, Pekka

    AU - Heinonen, Jaakko

    N1 - Project code: 102520

    PY - 2017/1/1

    Y1 - 2017/1/1

    N2 - Ships navigating in winter conditions frequently come in contact with ice blocks floating on the waterways. The ice blocks can collide with the propulsion machinery of the ship. Especially the interaction between ice and ship azimuthing propulsion call for greater understanding. Ice blocks can collide with the azimuthing propulsion units in many different ways, one of them being the propulsion unit hitting the ice block as the ship advances. This is an impact type loading case and the dynamics of the thruster and ship hull affect to the load response level obtained in this case. In a dynamic system, the damping is greatly affecting to the response level. To study the dynamics and damping in an ice impact event, a full-scale test opportunity was found in an azimuthing thruster test bench. An impact test with a full-scale thruster and ice blocks was carried out in the laboratory with velocities corresponding to realistic ship operating speeds. In addition, numerical analyses of the ice-structure interaction were carried out and structural response was compared with the impact test measurements. Comparison between the simulations and the tests gave valuable information about the thruster dynamics during the ice impact.

    AB - Ships navigating in winter conditions frequently come in contact with ice blocks floating on the waterways. The ice blocks can collide with the propulsion machinery of the ship. Especially the interaction between ice and ship azimuthing propulsion call for greater understanding. Ice blocks can collide with the azimuthing propulsion units in many different ways, one of them being the propulsion unit hitting the ice block as the ship advances. This is an impact type loading case and the dynamics of the thruster and ship hull affect to the load response level obtained in this case. In a dynamic system, the damping is greatly affecting to the response level. To study the dynamics and damping in an ice impact event, a full-scale test opportunity was found in an azimuthing thruster test bench. An impact test with a full-scale thruster and ice blocks was carried out in the laboratory with velocities corresponding to realistic ship operating speeds. In addition, numerical analyses of the ice-structure interaction were carried out and structural response was compared with the impact test measurements. Comparison between the simulations and the tests gave valuable information about the thruster dynamics during the ice impact.

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    KW - Full-scale measurement

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    Perälä I, Kinnunen A, Koskinen P, Heinonen J. Full-scale ice impact to an azimuthing thruster in laboratory conditions. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions. 2017. (POAC Proceedings).