Fully electric city buses

The viable option

Mikko Pihlatie, Samu Kukkonen, Teemu Halmeaho, Veikko Karvonen, Nils-Olof Nylund

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Key challenges in traffic systems are carbon footprint of the vehicles, local emissions, noise and congestion. Fully electric city buses offer a solution to these challenges in public inner city transport. At the same time, electric buses open up for a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) provided that the vehicle, charging infrastructure and new operating concepts are designed and considered together. This is based on the fact that high utilisation rates of the expensive battery systems can be reached in commercial electric city bus operation, as opposed to private electric passenger cars. Fully electric city buses can be seen as the first market-based introduction of electrically-driven road vehicles which is justified both in commercial and environmental terms. This paper presents a TCO tool which incorporates the previous factors into a single TCO model and is anchored to component, vehicle and traffic system analysis. Consequently, the model can be utilised in investigating the most economically feasible charging infrastructures and vehicle technology concepts for further development of the electric bus city traffic. The model indicates that a combination of shared opportunity charging systems with possibly multimodal transport components, and fully electric buses with small but high power capable batteries will provide the lowest TCO. Such electric bus systems provide the best added value when operated on city lines and operation sequences with the highest utilisation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-6075-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 17 Dec 201419 Dec 2014

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014
Abbreviated titleIEVC 2014
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period17/12/1419/12/14

Fingerprint

Costs
Carbon footprint
Passenger cars
Systems analysis

Keywords

  • electric city buses
  • TCO
  • opportunity charging

Cite this

Pihlatie, M., Kukkonen, S., Halmeaho, T., Karvonen, V., & Nylund, N-O. (2014). Fully electric city buses: The viable option. In Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145
Pihlatie, Mikko ; Kukkonen, Samu ; Halmeaho, Teemu ; Karvonen, Veikko ; Nylund, Nils-Olof. / Fully electric city buses : The viable option. Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2014.
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Pihlatie, M, Kukkonen, S, Halmeaho, T, Karvonen, V & Nylund, N-O 2014, Fully electric city buses: The viable option. in Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014, Florence, Italy, 17/12/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145

Fully electric city buses : The viable option. / Pihlatie, Mikko; Kukkonen, Samu; Halmeaho, Teemu; Karvonen, Veikko; Nylund, Nils-Olof.

Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Pihlatie M, Kukkonen S, Halmeaho T, Karvonen V, Nylund N-O. Fully electric city buses: The viable option. In Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. 2014 https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145