Fully electric city buses: The viable option

Mikko Pihlatie, Samu Kukkonen, Teemu Halmeaho, Veikko Karvonen, Nils-Olof Nylund

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Key challenges in traffic systems are carbon footprint of the vehicles, local emissions, noise and congestion. Fully electric city buses offer a solution to these challenges in public inner city transport. At the same time, electric buses open up for a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) provided that the vehicle, charging infrastructure and new operating concepts are designed and considered together. This is based on the fact that high utilisation rates of the expensive battery systems can be reached in commercial electric city bus operation, as opposed to private electric passenger cars. Fully electric city buses can be seen as the first market-based introduction of electrically-driven road vehicles which is justified both in commercial and environmental terms. This paper presents a TCO tool which incorporates the previous factors into a single TCO model and is anchored to component, vehicle and traffic system analysis. Consequently, the model can be utilised in investigating the most economically feasible charging infrastructures and vehicle technology concepts for further development of the electric bus city traffic. The model indicates that a combination of shared opportunity charging systems with possibly multimodal transport components, and fully electric buses with small but high power capable batteries will provide the lowest TCO. Such electric bus systems provide the best added value when operated on city lines and operation sequences with the highest utilisation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings
    Subtitle of host publicationIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-6075-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014 - Florence, Italy
    Duration: 17 Dec 201419 Dec 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceIEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014
    Abbreviated titleIEVC 2014
    CountryItaly
    CityFlorence
    Period17/12/1419/12/14

    Fingerprint

    Costs
    Carbon footprint
    Passenger cars
    Systems analysis

    Keywords

    • electric city buses
    • TCO
    • opportunity charging

    Cite this

    Pihlatie, M., Kukkonen, S., Halmeaho, T., Karvonen, V., & Nylund, N-O. (2014). Fully electric city buses: The viable option. In Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014 IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145
    Pihlatie, Mikko ; Kukkonen, Samu ; Halmeaho, Teemu ; Karvonen, Veikko ; Nylund, Nils-Olof. / Fully electric city buses : The viable option. Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2014.
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    title = "Fully electric city buses: The viable option",
    abstract = "Key challenges in traffic systems are carbon footprint of the vehicles, local emissions, noise and congestion. Fully electric city buses offer a solution to these challenges in public inner city transport. At the same time, electric buses open up for a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) provided that the vehicle, charging infrastructure and new operating concepts are designed and considered together. This is based on the fact that high utilisation rates of the expensive battery systems can be reached in commercial electric city bus operation, as opposed to private electric passenger cars. Fully electric city buses can be seen as the first market-based introduction of electrically-driven road vehicles which is justified both in commercial and environmental terms. This paper presents a TCO tool which incorporates the previous factors into a single TCO model and is anchored to component, vehicle and traffic system analysis. Consequently, the model can be utilised in investigating the most economically feasible charging infrastructures and vehicle technology concepts for further development of the electric bus city traffic. The model indicates that a combination of shared opportunity charging systems with possibly multimodal transport components, and fully electric buses with small but high power capable batteries will provide the lowest TCO. Such electric bus systems provide the best added value when operated on city lines and operation sequences with the highest utilisation.",
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    Pihlatie, M, Kukkonen, S, Halmeaho, T, Karvonen, V & Nylund, N-O 2014, Fully electric city buses: The viable option. in Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014, Florence, Italy, 17/12/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145

    Fully electric city buses : The viable option. / Pihlatie, Mikko; Kukkonen, Samu; Halmeaho, Teemu; Karvonen, Veikko; Nylund, Nils-Olof.

    Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2014.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    N2 - Key challenges in traffic systems are carbon footprint of the vehicles, local emissions, noise and congestion. Fully electric city buses offer a solution to these challenges in public inner city transport. At the same time, electric buses open up for a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) provided that the vehicle, charging infrastructure and new operating concepts are designed and considered together. This is based on the fact that high utilisation rates of the expensive battery systems can be reached in commercial electric city bus operation, as opposed to private electric passenger cars. Fully electric city buses can be seen as the first market-based introduction of electrically-driven road vehicles which is justified both in commercial and environmental terms. This paper presents a TCO tool which incorporates the previous factors into a single TCO model and is anchored to component, vehicle and traffic system analysis. Consequently, the model can be utilised in investigating the most economically feasible charging infrastructures and vehicle technology concepts for further development of the electric bus city traffic. The model indicates that a combination of shared opportunity charging systems with possibly multimodal transport components, and fully electric buses with small but high power capable batteries will provide the lowest TCO. Such electric bus systems provide the best added value when operated on city lines and operation sequences with the highest utilisation.

    AB - Key challenges in traffic systems are carbon footprint of the vehicles, local emissions, noise and congestion. Fully electric city buses offer a solution to these challenges in public inner city transport. At the same time, electric buses open up for a lower total cost of ownership (TCO) provided that the vehicle, charging infrastructure and new operating concepts are designed and considered together. This is based on the fact that high utilisation rates of the expensive battery systems can be reached in commercial electric city bus operation, as opposed to private electric passenger cars. Fully electric city buses can be seen as the first market-based introduction of electrically-driven road vehicles which is justified both in commercial and environmental terms. This paper presents a TCO tool which incorporates the previous factors into a single TCO model and is anchored to component, vehicle and traffic system analysis. Consequently, the model can be utilised in investigating the most economically feasible charging infrastructures and vehicle technology concepts for further development of the electric bus city traffic. The model indicates that a combination of shared opportunity charging systems with possibly multimodal transport components, and fully electric buses with small but high power capable batteries will provide the lowest TCO. Such electric bus systems provide the best added value when operated on city lines and operation sequences with the highest utilisation.

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    Pihlatie M, Kukkonen S, Halmeaho T, Karvonen V, Nylund N-O. Fully electric city buses: The viable option. In Proceedings: IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, IEVC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2014 https://doi.org/10.1109/IEVC.2014.7056145