Antibody Fab′-fragments have been immobilised on hydrophilic gold by direct self-assembly, and embedded in a matrix of non-ionic hydrophilic polymers, tris(hydroxymethyl)methylacrylamide, carrying lipoate terminal linking groups. Different polymers were synthesised, and co-adsorbed or post-adsorbed between the antibody fragments in order to optimise the antigen binding. Various factors were investigated that influence the activity of the immobilised Fab′-fragments for binding of the antigen, human IgG. The Fab′-fragments were immobilised in dense layers close to monolayer coverage, and the stoichiometric efficiency of immobilisation was up to 30%, with the human IgG also approaching monolayer coverage. The cleaning of the gold surface was a crucial factor in preservation of activity. Besides the usual treatment in hot ammonia/peroxide solution, hot DMSO appeared to be highly effective as a cleaning agent.
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Heterogeneous binding
- Surface plasmon resonance
- Antibody Fab'-fragment