Functional study of oncogenic transcription factor ERG and its signaling in prostate cancer

Dissertation

Santosh Gupta

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

Abstract

TMPRSS2–ERG is the most frequent type of genomic rearrangement present in prostate tumors, in which the 5- prime region of the TMPRSS2 gene is fused to the ERG oncogene. TMPRSS2, containing androgen response elements (AREs), is regulated by androgens in the prostate. The truncated TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript is overexpressed in half of the prostate cancer patients. The formation of TMPRSS2-ERG transcript is an early event in prostate carcinogenesis and previous in vivo and in vitro studies have shown ectopic ERG expression to be associated with increased cell invasion. However, the molecular function of ERG and its role in cell signaling is poorly understood. In this study, genomic rearrangement of ERG with TMPRSS2 was studied by using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in prostate cancer samples. The biological processes associated with the ERG oncogene expression in prostate epithelial cells were studied, and the results were compared with findings observed in clinical prostate tumor samples. The gene expression data indicated that increased WNT signaling and loss of cell adhesion were a characteristic of TMPRSS2- ERG fusion positive prostate tumor samples. Up- regulation of WNT pathway genes were present in ERG positive prostate tumors, with frizzled receptor 4 (FZD4) presenting with the highest association with ERG overexpression, as verified by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunostaining, and immunoblotting in TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, ERG and FZD4 silencing increased cell adhesion by inducing active β1-integrin and E-cadherin expression in VCaP cells. Furthermore, we found a novel inhibitor, 4-(chloromethyl) benzoyl chloride which inhibited the WNT signaling and induced similar phenotypic effects as observed after ERG or FZD4 down regulation in VCaP cells. In conclusion, this work deepens our understanding on the complex oncogenic mechanisms of ERG in prostate cancer that may help in developing drugs against TMPRSS2-ERG positive tumors.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • University of Turku
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kallioniemi, Olli, Supervisor, External person
Place of PublicationTurku
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-951-29-4682-2
Electronic ISBNs978-951-29-4683-9
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Fingerprint

Prostate
Prostatic Neoplasms
Transcription Factors
Frizzled Receptors
Neoplasms
Oncogenes
Cell Adhesion
Androgens
Biological Phenomena
Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Response Elements
Cadherins
Immunoblotting
Integrins
Genes
Reverse Transcription
Carcinogenesis
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Epithelial Cells

Keywords

  • [beta]1-integrin
  • CGH array
  • ERG
  • FZD4
  • prostate cancer
  • VCaP
  • WNT signaling

Cite this

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title = "Functional study of oncogenic transcription factor ERG and its signaling in prostate cancer: Dissertation",
abstract = "TMPRSS2–ERG is the most frequent type of genomic rearrangement present in prostate tumors, in which the 5- prime region of the TMPRSS2 gene is fused to the ERG oncogene. TMPRSS2, containing androgen response elements (AREs), is regulated by androgens in the prostate. The truncated TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript is overexpressed in half of the prostate cancer patients. The formation of TMPRSS2-ERG transcript is an early event in prostate carcinogenesis and previous in vivo and in vitro studies have shown ectopic ERG expression to be associated with increased cell invasion. However, the molecular function of ERG and its role in cell signaling is poorly understood. In this study, genomic rearrangement of ERG with TMPRSS2 was studied by using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in prostate cancer samples. The biological processes associated with the ERG oncogene expression in prostate epithelial cells were studied, and the results were compared with findings observed in clinical prostate tumor samples. The gene expression data indicated that increased WNT signaling and loss of cell adhesion were a characteristic of TMPRSS2- ERG fusion positive prostate tumor samples. Up- regulation of WNT pathway genes were present in ERG positive prostate tumors, with frizzled receptor 4 (FZD4) presenting with the highest association with ERG overexpression, as verified by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunostaining, and immunoblotting in TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, ERG and FZD4 silencing increased cell adhesion by inducing active β1-integrin and E-cadherin expression in VCaP cells. Furthermore, we found a novel inhibitor, 4-(chloromethyl) benzoyl chloride which inhibited the WNT signaling and induced similar phenotypic effects as observed after ERG or FZD4 down regulation in VCaP cells. In conclusion, this work deepens our understanding on the complex oncogenic mechanisms of ERG in prostate cancer that may help in developing drugs against TMPRSS2-ERG positive tumors.",
keywords = "[beta]1-integrin, CGH array, ERG, FZD4, prostate cancer, VCaP, WNT signaling",
author = "Santosh Gupta",
note = "TK401 SDA: BIC",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-951-29-4682-2",
series = "Annales Universitatis Turkuensis: D Medica - Odontologia",
publisher = "University of Turku",
address = "Finland",
school = "University of Turku",

}

Functional study of oncogenic transcription factor ERG and its signaling in prostate cancer : Dissertation. / Gupta, Santosh.

Turku : University of Turku, 2011. 40 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

TY - THES

T1 - Functional study of oncogenic transcription factor ERG and its signaling in prostate cancer

T2 - Dissertation

AU - Gupta, Santosh

N1 - TK401 SDA: BIC

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - TMPRSS2–ERG is the most frequent type of genomic rearrangement present in prostate tumors, in which the 5- prime region of the TMPRSS2 gene is fused to the ERG oncogene. TMPRSS2, containing androgen response elements (AREs), is regulated by androgens in the prostate. The truncated TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript is overexpressed in half of the prostate cancer patients. The formation of TMPRSS2-ERG transcript is an early event in prostate carcinogenesis and previous in vivo and in vitro studies have shown ectopic ERG expression to be associated with increased cell invasion. However, the molecular function of ERG and its role in cell signaling is poorly understood. In this study, genomic rearrangement of ERG with TMPRSS2 was studied by using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in prostate cancer samples. The biological processes associated with the ERG oncogene expression in prostate epithelial cells were studied, and the results were compared with findings observed in clinical prostate tumor samples. The gene expression data indicated that increased WNT signaling and loss of cell adhesion were a characteristic of TMPRSS2- ERG fusion positive prostate tumor samples. Up- regulation of WNT pathway genes were present in ERG positive prostate tumors, with frizzled receptor 4 (FZD4) presenting with the highest association with ERG overexpression, as verified by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunostaining, and immunoblotting in TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, ERG and FZD4 silencing increased cell adhesion by inducing active β1-integrin and E-cadherin expression in VCaP cells. Furthermore, we found a novel inhibitor, 4-(chloromethyl) benzoyl chloride which inhibited the WNT signaling and induced similar phenotypic effects as observed after ERG or FZD4 down regulation in VCaP cells. In conclusion, this work deepens our understanding on the complex oncogenic mechanisms of ERG in prostate cancer that may help in developing drugs against TMPRSS2-ERG positive tumors.

AB - TMPRSS2–ERG is the most frequent type of genomic rearrangement present in prostate tumors, in which the 5- prime region of the TMPRSS2 gene is fused to the ERG oncogene. TMPRSS2, containing androgen response elements (AREs), is regulated by androgens in the prostate. The truncated TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript is overexpressed in half of the prostate cancer patients. The formation of TMPRSS2-ERG transcript is an early event in prostate carcinogenesis and previous in vivo and in vitro studies have shown ectopic ERG expression to be associated with increased cell invasion. However, the molecular function of ERG and its role in cell signaling is poorly understood. In this study, genomic rearrangement of ERG with TMPRSS2 was studied by using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in prostate cancer samples. The biological processes associated with the ERG oncogene expression in prostate epithelial cells were studied, and the results were compared with findings observed in clinical prostate tumor samples. The gene expression data indicated that increased WNT signaling and loss of cell adhesion were a characteristic of TMPRSS2- ERG fusion positive prostate tumor samples. Up- regulation of WNT pathway genes were present in ERG positive prostate tumors, with frizzled receptor 4 (FZD4) presenting with the highest association with ERG overexpression, as verified by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunostaining, and immunoblotting in TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, ERG and FZD4 silencing increased cell adhesion by inducing active β1-integrin and E-cadherin expression in VCaP cells. Furthermore, we found a novel inhibitor, 4-(chloromethyl) benzoyl chloride which inhibited the WNT signaling and induced similar phenotypic effects as observed after ERG or FZD4 down regulation in VCaP cells. In conclusion, this work deepens our understanding on the complex oncogenic mechanisms of ERG in prostate cancer that may help in developing drugs against TMPRSS2-ERG positive tumors.

KW - [beta]1-integrin

KW - CGH array

KW - ERG

KW - FZD4

KW - prostate cancer

KW - VCaP

KW - WNT signaling

M3 - Dissertation

SN - 978-951-29-4682-2

T3 - Annales Universitatis Turkuensis: D Medica - Odontologia

PB - University of Turku

CY - Turku

ER -