The use of grains alternative to wheat or rye is a challenging task for cereal technologists, and currently new technologies are under investigation as tools to improve the performances of these alternative grains. In this work the effects of high Hydrostatic Pressure (HP) on oat batters were investigated. Oat batters were treated for 10 min at 200, 300, 350, 400 or 500 MPa. Scanning electron microscopy and bright field microscopy showed that high HP significantly affected oat batter microstructure, and both starch and proteins were affected. Treatment at high HP significantly improved batter viscosity and elasticity. At pressures ≤300 MPa the increase in the viscous component was higher than the increase in the elastic component. On the contrary, at pressures ≥350 MPa the elastic component was predominant. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed that high HP induced starch gelatinisation, which started at 300 MPa and was almost complete after treatment at 500 MPa. High HP also affected water- and salt-soluble as well as urea-soluble oat proteins. Analysis of proteins soluble in different buffers revealed that pressures ≥300 MPa induced the formation of urea-insoluble complexes and/or disulfide bonds. Overall, the extent of starch gelatinisation and protein modification was dependent on the applied pressure, but the results collected so far clearly show that high HP can be used to improve the functionality of oat batters.
- high hydrostatic pressure
- starch gelatinisation
- disulphide bonds
Hüttner, E. K., Dal Bello, F., Poutanen, K., & Arendt, E. K. (2009). Fundamental evaluation of the impact of high Hydrostatic Pressure on oat batters. Journal of Cereal Science, 49(3), 363-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2008.12.005