This Annual Report summarises the fusion research activities of the Finnish and Estonian Research Units of the Association Euratom-Tekes in 2008. The activities of the Research Unit are divided in the fusion physics under the Contract of Association and new EFDA. A few EFDA Technology Tasks and Contracts were still running in 2008 and are now completed. New R&D Grant work on remote handling for ITER launched by the Joint Undertaking "Fusion for Energy" started in 2008. The Physics Programme is carried out at VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland, Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) and University of Helsinki (UH). The research areas of the Physics Programme are: Heat and particle transport, MHD physics and plasma edge phenomena Plasma-wall interactions and material transport in SOL region Code development and diagnostics. Association Euratom-Tekes participated actively in the EFDA JET Workprogramme 2008 and exploitation of JET facilities in experimental campaigns C20-C25. Three persons were seconded to the UKAEA operating team, two physicists in codes & modelling and one engineer in remote handling. One person was a Task Force Leader in TF T (transport). One engineer from VTT was seconded to the ITER IO at Cadarache in 2008 (Assembly). Practically all physics activities of the Research Unit are carried out in co-operation with other Associations with the focus on EFDA JET work. In addition to EFDA JET activities, the Tekes Association participated in the 2008 experimental programme of ASDEX Upgrade (AUG). Several staff mobility visits of total 530 days took place in 2008. The Technology work is carried out at VTT, Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Tampere University of Technology (TUT) and Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) in close collaboration with Finnish industry. The technology research and development is focused on the remote handling, vessel/in-vessel materials and components plus some activities in physics integration and JET Technology: Preparation of the Divertor Test Platform (DTP2) at VTT in Tampere for remote handling of divertor maintenance and development of water hydraulic tools and manipulators Development of advanced welding methods and IWR cutting/welding robot Plasma facing materials issues, erosion/re-deposition and material transport studies and developing coating techniques Multi-metal components and joining technology in-reactor mechanical testing and characterisation of materials under neutron irradiation Modelling of ripple losses and wall loadings for ITER Contributions to the design of ITER gyrotrons Feasibility study for micromechanical magnetometers.
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||139|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
Karttunen, S. (Ed.) (2009). Fusion Yearbook. 2008 Annual Report of Association Euratom-Tekes. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 709 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/publications/2009/P709.pdf