Future combustion engine power plant: WP4 fuel flexibility. Periodic report of 3rd year

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    Future fuels seminar and biofuel deterioration tasks were completed and reported in earlier years. Task on LNG in shipping continued in the 3rd year by improving the general conception and knowledge of the implementation requirements for the LNG logistic. The study regarding alternative upgrading technologies providing sufficient gas quality for the supply to the natural gas grid was continued. The main focus was on operational parameters, upgrading costs and recent developments. Minimum limit for biogas upgrading consisted of cost review and construction of siloxane removal test bench. International co-operation was realised closely with siloxane removal system manufacturers. While useful to predict turbocharging system energy balance and maximum pressure when running on different fuels, GT Power proved to have limited predictive capability of the combustion process. Another approach to develop prediction method was started in cooperation with Bauman Moscow State Technical University with their Diesel-RK software. Engine tests with different fuels will be utilized for developing the prediction method. Possible alternative fuels were explored and tested in laboratory before engine tests. for example, new laboratory methods were developed and combustion properties of new fuels were studied with special ignition test unit. Medium-duty engine tests were carried out with selected fuels. Development of the dual fuel injection system continued for the difficult fuels. Also, on-line blending of the third fuel or compound into feed flow of dual fuel system was tested. Some tests yielded promising results when engine performance and emissions are considered. Alternative fuels, namely hydrotreated vegetable oil, fish based methyl ester, and animal fat derived methyl esters, were studied with a modern high-speed non-road diesel engine and different injector tips were investigated. Diesel-ethanol dual-fuel engine testing and calibration is almost completed. The performance targets have been met and the engine can be switched from diesel to diesel-ethanol operation at any load without noticeable change in engine operating point. Depending on speed and load, 20 to 70 % of diesel consumption can be replaced with ethanol. The parameter maps created in these tests will be utilized in a demonstrator tractor.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherCLEEN Cluster for Energy and Environment
    ISBN (Print)978-952-5947-33-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Fingerprint

    Power plants
    Engines
    Ethanol
    Alternative fuels
    Liquefied natural gas
    Esters
    Dual fuel engines
    Fuel systems
    Vegetable oils
    International cooperation
    Biogas
    Fuel injection
    Biofuels
    Technical presentations
    Freight transportation
    Oils and fats
    Energy balance
    Fish
    Deterioration
    Ignition

    Keywords

    • diesel engine
    • power plant
    • non-road
    • fuel
    • biofuel
    • biogas
    • biomethane
    • ethanol
    • LNG
    • deterioration
    • emissions

    Cite this

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    title = "Future combustion engine power plant: WP4 fuel flexibility. Periodic report of 3rd year",
    abstract = "Future fuels seminar and biofuel deterioration tasks were completed and reported in earlier years. Task on LNG in shipping continued in the 3rd year by improving the general conception and knowledge of the implementation requirements for the LNG logistic. The study regarding alternative upgrading technologies providing sufficient gas quality for the supply to the natural gas grid was continued. The main focus was on operational parameters, upgrading costs and recent developments. Minimum limit for biogas upgrading consisted of cost review and construction of siloxane removal test bench. International co-operation was realised closely with siloxane removal system manufacturers. While useful to predict turbocharging system energy balance and maximum pressure when running on different fuels, GT Power proved to have limited predictive capability of the combustion process. Another approach to develop prediction method was started in cooperation with Bauman Moscow State Technical University with their Diesel-RK software. Engine tests with different fuels will be utilized for developing the prediction method. Possible alternative fuels were explored and tested in laboratory before engine tests. for example, new laboratory methods were developed and combustion properties of new fuels were studied with special ignition test unit. Medium-duty engine tests were carried out with selected fuels. Development of the dual fuel injection system continued for the difficult fuels. Also, on-line blending of the third fuel or compound into feed flow of dual fuel system was tested. Some tests yielded promising results when engine performance and emissions are considered. Alternative fuels, namely hydrotreated vegetable oil, fish based methyl ester, and animal fat derived methyl esters, were studied with a modern high-speed non-road diesel engine and different injector tips were investigated. Diesel-ethanol dual-fuel engine testing and calibration is almost completed. The performance targets have been met and the engine can be switched from diesel to diesel-ethanol operation at any load without noticeable change in engine operating point. Depending on speed and load, 20 to 70 {\%} of diesel consumption can be replaced with ethanol. The parameter maps created in these tests will be utilized in a demonstrator tractor.",
    keywords = "diesel engine, power plant, non-road, fuel, biofuel, biogas, biomethane, ethanol, LNG, deterioration, emissions",
    author = "P{\"a}ivi Aakko-Saksa",
    note = "Project code: 41979",
    year = "2013",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978-952-5947-33-5",
    publisher = "CLEEN Cluster for Energy and Environment",

    }

    Future combustion engine power plant : WP4 fuel flexibility. Periodic report of 3rd year. / Aakko-Saksa, Päivi.

    CLEEN Cluster for Energy and Environment, 2013.

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Future combustion engine power plant

    T2 - WP4 fuel flexibility. Periodic report of 3rd year

    AU - Aakko-Saksa, Päivi

    N1 - Project code: 41979

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Future fuels seminar and biofuel deterioration tasks were completed and reported in earlier years. Task on LNG in shipping continued in the 3rd year by improving the general conception and knowledge of the implementation requirements for the LNG logistic. The study regarding alternative upgrading technologies providing sufficient gas quality for the supply to the natural gas grid was continued. The main focus was on operational parameters, upgrading costs and recent developments. Minimum limit for biogas upgrading consisted of cost review and construction of siloxane removal test bench. International co-operation was realised closely with siloxane removal system manufacturers. While useful to predict turbocharging system energy balance and maximum pressure when running on different fuels, GT Power proved to have limited predictive capability of the combustion process. Another approach to develop prediction method was started in cooperation with Bauman Moscow State Technical University with their Diesel-RK software. Engine tests with different fuels will be utilized for developing the prediction method. Possible alternative fuels were explored and tested in laboratory before engine tests. for example, new laboratory methods were developed and combustion properties of new fuels were studied with special ignition test unit. Medium-duty engine tests were carried out with selected fuels. Development of the dual fuel injection system continued for the difficult fuels. Also, on-line blending of the third fuel or compound into feed flow of dual fuel system was tested. Some tests yielded promising results when engine performance and emissions are considered. Alternative fuels, namely hydrotreated vegetable oil, fish based methyl ester, and animal fat derived methyl esters, were studied with a modern high-speed non-road diesel engine and different injector tips were investigated. Diesel-ethanol dual-fuel engine testing and calibration is almost completed. The performance targets have been met and the engine can be switched from diesel to diesel-ethanol operation at any load without noticeable change in engine operating point. Depending on speed and load, 20 to 70 % of diesel consumption can be replaced with ethanol. The parameter maps created in these tests will be utilized in a demonstrator tractor.

    AB - Future fuels seminar and biofuel deterioration tasks were completed and reported in earlier years. Task on LNG in shipping continued in the 3rd year by improving the general conception and knowledge of the implementation requirements for the LNG logistic. The study regarding alternative upgrading technologies providing sufficient gas quality for the supply to the natural gas grid was continued. The main focus was on operational parameters, upgrading costs and recent developments. Minimum limit for biogas upgrading consisted of cost review and construction of siloxane removal test bench. International co-operation was realised closely with siloxane removal system manufacturers. While useful to predict turbocharging system energy balance and maximum pressure when running on different fuels, GT Power proved to have limited predictive capability of the combustion process. Another approach to develop prediction method was started in cooperation with Bauman Moscow State Technical University with their Diesel-RK software. Engine tests with different fuels will be utilized for developing the prediction method. Possible alternative fuels were explored and tested in laboratory before engine tests. for example, new laboratory methods were developed and combustion properties of new fuels were studied with special ignition test unit. Medium-duty engine tests were carried out with selected fuels. Development of the dual fuel injection system continued for the difficult fuels. Also, on-line blending of the third fuel or compound into feed flow of dual fuel system was tested. Some tests yielded promising results when engine performance and emissions are considered. Alternative fuels, namely hydrotreated vegetable oil, fish based methyl ester, and animal fat derived methyl esters, were studied with a modern high-speed non-road diesel engine and different injector tips were investigated. Diesel-ethanol dual-fuel engine testing and calibration is almost completed. The performance targets have been met and the engine can be switched from diesel to diesel-ethanol operation at any load without noticeable change in engine operating point. Depending on speed and load, 20 to 70 % of diesel consumption can be replaced with ethanol. The parameter maps created in these tests will be utilized in a demonstrator tractor.

    KW - diesel engine

    KW - power plant

    KW - non-road

    KW - fuel

    KW - biofuel

    KW - biogas

    KW - biomethane

    KW - ethanol

    KW - LNG

    KW - deterioration

    KW - emissions

    M3 - Report

    SN - 978-952-5947-33-5

    BT - Future combustion engine power plant

    PB - CLEEN Cluster for Energy and Environment

    ER -