According to the EU's objective, all newly constructed buildings should be nearly zero-energy houses since the beginning of 2021. Accordingly, energy consumption and heat demand in district heating systems will decrease. The possible solutions for district heating to meet the challenges due to this trend are being explored. The requirements for nearly zero-energy solutions implicate an on-site renewable energy generation and storage, often including solar.
|Title of host publication||Smart city|
|Subtitle of host publication||Research highlights|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
|Series||VTT Research Highlights|
Klobut, K., Heikkinen, J., & Rämä, M. (2015). Future district heating solutions for residential districts. In Smart city: Research highlights (pp. 64-65). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Highlights, No. 12 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/researchhighlights/2015/R12.pdf