Future district heating solutions for residential districts

Krzysztof Klobut, Jorma Heikkinen, Miika Rämä

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


    According to the EU's objective, all newly constructed buildings should be nearly zero-energy houses since the beginning of 2021. Accordingly, energy consumption and heat demand in district heating systems will decrease. The possible solutions for district heating to meet the challenges due to this trend are being explored. The requirements for nearly zero-energy solutions implicate an on-site renewable energy generation and storage, often including solar.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSmart city
    Subtitle of host publicationResearch highlights
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8288-4
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8287-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Highlights


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