Future use of renewable energy sources in EU - Lessons learned from implementing the res-E directive

Antti Arasto, Lauri Kujanpää, Tuula Mäkinen, Satu Helynen, R.W.R. Zwart, J.H.A. Kiel, J. Wehlow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


The promotion of electricity from renewable energy sources in EU is currently guided by three different directives. Europe is on the way to fulfill targets for renewable electricity use set in 2001, followed by targets for biofuels use in road transportation sector in 2003. In 2009 sectoral targets were combined under the RES directive, giving targets for the gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources in 2020. In this paper, the implementation of directives concerning renewable electricity is assessed on EU level and in three example countries: Finland, Germany and the Netherlands. Conclusions are drawn regarding policy measures and barriers hindering the exploitation of renewable energy, with a special focus on bioenergy and biomass, and their further effects on reaching the targets of renewable energy use for the year 2020.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th EBCE
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
ISBN (Print)978-88-89407-56-1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Lyon , France
Duration: 3 May 20107 May 2010


Conference18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition


  • barriers to bioenergy
  • bio-energy policy
  • electrivcity sector


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