Gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats in everyday thermal environments

Sami Karjalainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

186 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences in thermal comfort between male and female subjects are generally considered to be small. In this study gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats were examined by a quantitative interview survey with a total of 3094 respondents, and by controlled experiments.
The studies were carried out in Finland and considered everyday thermal environments: homes, offices and a university.
The results show significant gender differences in thermal comfort, temperature preference, and use of thermostats. Females are less satisfied with room temperatures than males, prefer higher room temperatures than males, and feel both uncomfortably cold and uncomfortably hot more often than males.
Although females are more critical of their thermal environments, males use thermostats in households more often than females.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1603
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Thermostats
Thermal comfort
gender-specific factors
gender
Finland
Temperature
university
experiment
interview
temperature
Hot Temperature
Experiments

Keywords

  • thermal comfort
  • indoor climate
  • gender
  • thermostat
  • quantitative interview survey

Cite this

@article{e2a32db50d5d42749410085604c43fcf,
title = "Gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats in everyday thermal environments",
abstract = "Differences in thermal comfort between male and female subjects are generally considered to be small. In this study gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats were examined by a quantitative interview survey with a total of 3094 respondents, and by controlled experiments. The studies were carried out in Finland and considered everyday thermal environments: homes, offices and a university. The results show significant gender differences in thermal comfort, temperature preference, and use of thermostats. Females are less satisfied with room temperatures than males, prefer higher room temperatures than males, and feel both uncomfortably cold and uncomfortably hot more often than males. Although females are more critical of their thermal environments, males use thermostats in households more often than females.",
keywords = "thermal comfort, indoor climate, gender, thermostat, quantitative interview survey",
author = "Sami Karjalainen",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.01.009",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "1594--1603",
journal = "Building and Environment",
issn = "0360-1323",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

Gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats in everyday thermal environments. / Karjalainen, Sami.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2007, p. 1594-1603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats in everyday thermal environments

AU - Karjalainen, Sami

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Differences in thermal comfort between male and female subjects are generally considered to be small. In this study gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats were examined by a quantitative interview survey with a total of 3094 respondents, and by controlled experiments. The studies were carried out in Finland and considered everyday thermal environments: homes, offices and a university. The results show significant gender differences in thermal comfort, temperature preference, and use of thermostats. Females are less satisfied with room temperatures than males, prefer higher room temperatures than males, and feel both uncomfortably cold and uncomfortably hot more often than males. Although females are more critical of their thermal environments, males use thermostats in households more often than females.

AB - Differences in thermal comfort between male and female subjects are generally considered to be small. In this study gender differences in thermal comfort and use of thermostats were examined by a quantitative interview survey with a total of 3094 respondents, and by controlled experiments. The studies were carried out in Finland and considered everyday thermal environments: homes, offices and a university. The results show significant gender differences in thermal comfort, temperature preference, and use of thermostats. Females are less satisfied with room temperatures than males, prefer higher room temperatures than males, and feel both uncomfortably cold and uncomfortably hot more often than males. Although females are more critical of their thermal environments, males use thermostats in households more often than females.

KW - thermal comfort

KW - indoor climate

KW - gender

KW - thermostat

KW - quantitative interview survey

U2 - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.01.009

DO - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.01.009

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 1594

EP - 1603

JO - Building and Environment

JF - Building and Environment

SN - 0360-1323

IS - 4

ER -