Generalized direct method for pyrolysis kinetic parameter estimation and comparison to existing methods

Anna Matala, C. Lautenberger, Simo Hostikka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Solid-phase pyrolysis is often modelled using the Arrhenius degradation equation with three unknown parameters: reaction order, activation energy and pre-exponential factor. Since the parameters are model dependent and not directly measurable, several estimation methods have been developed over the years for extracting them from the experimental small-scale data. Lately, the most commonly used methods have been based on optimization and curve fitting. These methods are very efficient for complex problems with multiple reactions but may require significant computational time. Direct (analytic) methods are simpler and faster but often have more restrictions and limited accuracy. This article presents a new, generalized direct method and its performance evaluated along with other commonly used estimation methods. The real usability of the methods is tested also in the presence of small noise.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-356
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Fire Sciences
    Volume30
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Kinetic parameters
    Parameter estimation
    Pyrolysis
    Curve fitting
    Activation energy
    Degradation

    Keywords

    • pyrolysis
    • modelling
    • parameter estimation

    Cite this

    Matala, Anna ; Lautenberger, C. ; Hostikka, Simo. / Generalized direct method for pyrolysis kinetic parameter estimation and comparison to existing methods. In: Journal of Fire Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 339-356.
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    Generalized direct method for pyrolysis kinetic parameter estimation and comparison to existing methods. / Matala, Anna; Lautenberger, C.; Hostikka, Simo.

    In: Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 30, No. 4, 2012, p. 339-356.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Matala, Anna

    AU - Lautenberger, C.

    AU - Hostikka, Simo

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Solid-phase pyrolysis is often modelled using the Arrhenius degradation equation with three unknown parameters: reaction order, activation energy and pre-exponential factor. Since the parameters are model dependent and not directly measurable, several estimation methods have been developed over the years for extracting them from the experimental small-scale data. Lately, the most commonly used methods have been based on optimization and curve fitting. These methods are very efficient for complex problems with multiple reactions but may require significant computational time. Direct (analytic) methods are simpler and faster but often have more restrictions and limited accuracy. This article presents a new, generalized direct method and its performance evaluated along with other commonly used estimation methods. The real usability of the methods is tested also in the presence of small noise.

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    KW - modelling

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