Generalized thermohydraulics module GENFLO for combining with the PWR core melting model, BWR recriticality neutronics model and fuel performance model

Jaakko Miettinen, Anitta Hämäläinen, Esko Pekkarinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Thermal hydraulic simulation capability for accident conditions is needed at present in VTT in several programs. Traditional thermal hydraulic models are too heavy for simulation in the analysis tasks, where the main emphasis is the rapid neutron dynamics or the core melting. The GENFLO thermal hydraulic model has been developed at VTT for special applications in the combined codes. The basic field equations in GENFLO are for the phase mass, the mixture momentum and phase energy conservation equations. The phase separation is solved with the drift flux model. The basic variables to be solved are the pressure, void fraction, mixture velocity, gas enthalpy, liquid enthalpy, and concentration of non-condensable gas fractions. The validation of the thermohydraulic solution alone includes large break LOCA reflooding experiments and in specific for the severe accident conditions QUENCH tests. In the recriticality analysis the core neutronics is simulated with a two-dimensional transient neutronics code TWODIM. The recriticality with one rapid prompt peak is expected during a severe accident scenario, where the control rods have been melted and ECCS reflooding is started after the depressurization. The GENFLO module simulates the BWR thermohydraulics in this application. The core melting module has been developed for the real time operator training by using the APROS engineering simulators. The core heatup, oxidation, metal and fuel pellet relocation and corium pool formation into the lower plenum are calculated. In this application the GENFLO model simulates the PWR vessel thermohydraulics. In the fuel performance analysis the fuel rod transient behavior is simulated with the FRAPTRAN code. GENFLO simulates the subchannel around a single fuel rod and delivers the heat transfer on the cladding surface for the FRAPTRAN. The transient boundary conditions for the subchannel are transmitted from the system code for operational transient, loss of coolant accidents and anticipated transients without scram. Experiences with the GENFLO code have pointed out that the efforts needed for the code development and its validation can be minimized with this kind of the generalized solution.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
    Subtitle of host publicationThermal Hydraulics
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-3597-5
    ISBN (Print)978-0-7918-3589-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, ICONE 10 - Arlington, United States
    Duration: 14 Apr 200218 Apr 2002


    Conference10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, ICONE 10
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


    • reflooding
    • neutronics
    • thermal hydraulics
    • severe accidents


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