Generation and Structuring of Multipartite Entanglement in a Josephson Parametric System

Kirill Viktorovich Petrovnin (Corresponding Author), Michael Romanovich Perelshtein, Tero Korkalainen, Visa Vesterinen, Ilari Lilja, Gheorghe Sorin Paraoanu, Pertti Juhani Hakonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Quantum correlations are a vital resource in advanced information processing based on quantum phenomena. Remarkably, the vacuum state of a quantum field may act as a key element for the generation of multipartite quantum entanglement. In this work, generation of genuine tripartite entangled state and its control is achieved by the use of the phase difference between two continuous pump tones. Control of the subspaces of the covariance matrix for tripartite bisqueezed state is demonstrated. Furthermore, by optimizing the phase relationships in a three-tone pumping scheme genuine quadripartite entanglement of a generalized H-graph state ((Formula presented.) -graph) is explored. This scheme provides a comprehensive control toolbox for the entanglement structure and allows to demonstrate, for first time to the authors' knowledge, genuine quadripartite entanglement of microwave modes. All experimental results are verified with numerical simulations of the nonlinear quantum Langevin equation. It is envisioned that quantum resources facilitated by multi-pump configurations offer enhanced prospects for quantum data processing using parametric microwave cavities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200031
Number of pages19
JournalAdvanced Quantum Technologies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • continuous variables
  • Josephson parametric amplifier
  • microwaves
  • multipartite entanglement
  • quantum correlations
  • quantum entanglement


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