Genotoxicity and PAC analysis of particulate and vapour phases of environmental tobacco smoke

Sisko Salomaa (Corresponding Author), Jari Tuominen, Eija Skyttä

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Abstract

Samples of indoor air were collected from an office room (88 m3) both before smoking and during experimental smoking of 96 cigarettes by 10 persons within 6 h.
The particulates were collected on glass-fibre filters and the vapour-phase compounds on XAD-2 resin.
The samples were extracted with acetone and analysed quantitatively for polycyclic aromatic compounds and qualitatively with GC-MS. The extracts of filters and XAD-2 resins were fractionated into neutral/acidic and 2 basic (strong and weak bases) fractions; all these fractions were tested with the sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and with the Salmonella/microsome test (strain TA98).
Total concentrations of PAC were 205 ng/m3 in the background sample and 1207 ng/m3 after contamination by cigarette smoking. The total PAC concentrations were 4–6 times higher in the vapour phase than in the particulate phase.

The fractions of the particulate samples collected before smoking showed mainly marginal genotoxic activity, whereas after smoking their genotoxicity increased dramatically. The fractions of the vapour phase samples were not genotoxic before smoking, but after smoking the neutral/acidic and strong basic fractions induced responses in both assays. The SCE assay was more sensitive towards the vapour-phase mutagens of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).
The relative responses of the two bioassays were different: in the Ames test, the highest responses were obtained with the two basic fractions, whereas the fraction containing neutral and acidic compounds was the most potent in the SCE assay. In the Salmonella test, the mutagenic activity was mainly detected with metabolic activation, while the induction of SCE in CHO cells was also seen without an exogenous metabolic activation system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
JournalMutation Research/Genetic Toxicology
Volume204
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Tobacco
Smoke
Assays
Smoking
Vapors
Sister Chromatid Exchange
Salmonella
Tobacco Products
Chemical activation
Cricetulus
Aromatic compounds
Bioassay
Mutagens
Acetone
Ovary
Contamination
Polycyclic Compounds
Cells
Microsomes
Biological Assay

Cite this

Salomaa, Sisko ; Tuominen, Jari ; Skyttä, Eija. / Genotoxicity and PAC analysis of particulate and vapour phases of environmental tobacco smoke. In: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology. 1988 ; Vol. 204, No. 2. pp. 173-183.
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abstract = "Samples of indoor air were collected from an office room (88 m3) both before smoking and during experimental smoking of 96 cigarettes by 10 persons within 6 h. The particulates were collected on glass-fibre filters and the vapour-phase compounds on XAD-2 resin. The samples were extracted with acetone and analysed quantitatively for polycyclic aromatic compounds and qualitatively with GC-MS. The extracts of filters and XAD-2 resins were fractionated into neutral/acidic and 2 basic (strong and weak bases) fractions; all these fractions were tested with the sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and with the Salmonella/microsome test (strain TA98). Total concentrations of PAC were 205 ng/m3 in the background sample and 1207 ng/m3 after contamination by cigarette smoking. The total PAC concentrations were 4–6 times higher in the vapour phase than in the particulate phase.The fractions of the particulate samples collected before smoking showed mainly marginal genotoxic activity, whereas after smoking their genotoxicity increased dramatically. The fractions of the vapour phase samples were not genotoxic before smoking, but after smoking the neutral/acidic and strong basic fractions induced responses in both assays. The SCE assay was more sensitive towards the vapour-phase mutagens of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The relative responses of the two bioassays were different: in the Ames test, the highest responses were obtained with the two basic fractions, whereas the fraction containing neutral and acidic compounds was the most potent in the SCE assay. In the Salmonella test, the mutagenic activity was mainly detected with metabolic activation, while the induction of SCE in CHO cells was also seen without an exogenous metabolic activation system.",
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Genotoxicity and PAC analysis of particulate and vapour phases of environmental tobacco smoke. / Salomaa, Sisko (Corresponding Author); Tuominen, Jari; Skyttä, Eija.

In: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology, Vol. 204, No. 2, 1988, p. 173-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Samples of indoor air were collected from an office room (88 m3) both before smoking and during experimental smoking of 96 cigarettes by 10 persons within 6 h. The particulates were collected on glass-fibre filters and the vapour-phase compounds on XAD-2 resin. The samples were extracted with acetone and analysed quantitatively for polycyclic aromatic compounds and qualitatively with GC-MS. The extracts of filters and XAD-2 resins were fractionated into neutral/acidic and 2 basic (strong and weak bases) fractions; all these fractions were tested with the sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and with the Salmonella/microsome test (strain TA98). Total concentrations of PAC were 205 ng/m3 in the background sample and 1207 ng/m3 after contamination by cigarette smoking. The total PAC concentrations were 4–6 times higher in the vapour phase than in the particulate phase.The fractions of the particulate samples collected before smoking showed mainly marginal genotoxic activity, whereas after smoking their genotoxicity increased dramatically. The fractions of the vapour phase samples were not genotoxic before smoking, but after smoking the neutral/acidic and strong basic fractions induced responses in both assays. The SCE assay was more sensitive towards the vapour-phase mutagens of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The relative responses of the two bioassays were different: in the Ames test, the highest responses were obtained with the two basic fractions, whereas the fraction containing neutral and acidic compounds was the most potent in the SCE assay. In the Salmonella test, the mutagenic activity was mainly detected with metabolic activation, while the induction of SCE in CHO cells was also seen without an exogenous metabolic activation system.

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