A combination of gasification of low and intermediate level radioactive waste (LILW) and conditioning of the resulting product within a geopolymer matrix is a potential alternative for vitrification technologies as an immobilisation method. Geopolymer matrices have demonstrated good retention capability for radionuclides in many studies and the technology has been implemented at an industrial scale in Slovakia and Czech Republic. However, the practical waste loading has been limited by the mechanical properties of the encapsulated matrix. Even a small amount of ion exchange resin (IXR) decreases the strength of the matrix and cohesion of the matrix is lost when the fraction of resin exceeds 15-20%. In this study, the potential to combine gasification as thermal treatment and various inorganic binders as encapsulation matrices was evaluated. After gasification, the mechanical properties were not similarly sensitive to the encapsulation of IXR. Gasification enabled substantially higher loading of IXR into the sample. Also, gasification of the IXR decreased matrix apparent Caesium diffusion. Very low apparent diffusion coefficients of Cs were calculated when gasified resin was encapsulated in metakaolin matrix. Theoretically, the amount of Cs within the same volume of encapsulated material could be increased by 800 times following gasification and encapsulation within an alkali-activated metakaolin (MK) binder.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2020|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||Thermal Treatment for Radioactive Waste Minimisation and Hazard Reduction 2020 Conference, THERAMIN 2020 - Manchester, United Kingdom|
Duration: 4 Feb 2020 → 5 Feb 2020