Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species

R. Stirling, G. Alfredsen, C. Brischke, I. De Windt, L.P. Francis, E. Frühwald Hansson, M. Humar, J. Jermer, M. Klamer, M. Kutnik, P.E. Laks, Bayon I. Le, S. Metsä-Kortelainen, L. Meyer-Veltrup, P.I. Morris, J. Norton, T. Singh, J. Van Acker, J. Van den Bulcke, T.M. Venås & 2 others H. Viitanen, A.H.H. Wong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Climate change due to anthropogenic emissions is the largest environmental challenge of our time. Forest-based value chains play an important role in reducing the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. Maximizing the use of wood to tackle climate change requires improved understanding of the service life of timber products. This information can best be obtained from field testing and while there is an abundance of field performance data from sites all over the world, most of the data are not available in a form that can be utilised for service life models. The IRG Durability Database aims to improve the usability of existing performance data and create added value for durability research and service life prediction. The present paper takes the first steps in comparing global field test performance data from the IRG Durability Database for non-durable reference species. Data were obtained from six species above ground and ground contact field tests from 36 sites around the world. For each dataset, decay rates and service life (where applicable) were calculated. Datasets were then grouped together based on test method and species. Decay rate was faster and more uniform in ground contact than above ground. In ground contact, beech decayed most rapidly, followed by Norway spruce and Scots pine sapwood. All appeared to be suitable for use as reference species, however slow-grown spruce should be avoided. There were no statistically significant correlations between ground contact decay rate and the Scheffer Climate Index (SCI). In above ground tests, differences in decay rate were largely related to differences in moisture dynamics. Species with the greatest absorption and retention of water decayed most rapidly. Test methods that absorbed and retained the most moisture (e.g. painted L-joints) resulted in more rapid decay. Above ground decay rate and SCI were significantly correlated in two data sets that had a wide range of SCI values. Correlations were not significant when only European test sites were included. Estimating decay rate from field testing results in highly variable data. Comparing data from global test sites is made more difficult by the absence of common field testing standards.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication47th IRG Annual Meeting
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event47th IRG Annual Meeting - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 15 May 201619 May 2016

Conference

Conference47th IRG Annual Meeting
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period15/05/1619/05/16

Fingerprint

durability
climate
moisture
climate change
test
effect
rate
timber
services
atmosphere
prediction
index

Keywords

  • durability
  • field testing
  • modelling
  • service life prediction
  • variability

Cite this

Stirling, R., Alfredsen, G., Brischke, C., De Windt, I., Francis, L. P., Frühwald Hansson, E., ... Wong, A. H. H. (2016). Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species. In 47th IRG Annual Meeting: Proceedings
Stirling, R. ; Alfredsen, G. ; Brischke, C. ; De Windt, I. ; Francis, L.P. ; Frühwald Hansson, E. ; Humar, M. ; Jermer, J. ; Klamer, M. ; Kutnik, M. ; Laks, P.E. ; Le, Bayon I. ; Metsä-Kortelainen, S. ; Meyer-Veltrup, L. ; Morris, P.I. ; Norton, J. ; Singh, T. ; Van Acker, J. ; Van den Bulcke, J. ; Venås, T.M. ; Viitanen, H. ; Wong, A.H.H. / Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species. 47th IRG Annual Meeting: Proceedings. 2016.
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title = "Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species",
abstract = "Climate change due to anthropogenic emissions is the largest environmental challenge of our time. Forest-based value chains play an important role in reducing the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. Maximizing the use of wood to tackle climate change requires improved understanding of the service life of timber products. This information can best be obtained from field testing and while there is an abundance of field performance data from sites all over the world, most of the data are not available in a form that can be utilised for service life models. The IRG Durability Database aims to improve the usability of existing performance data and create added value for durability research and service life prediction. The present paper takes the first steps in comparing global field test performance data from the IRG Durability Database for non-durable reference species. Data were obtained from six species above ground and ground contact field tests from 36 sites around the world. For each dataset, decay rates and service life (where applicable) were calculated. Datasets were then grouped together based on test method and species. Decay rate was faster and more uniform in ground contact than above ground. In ground contact, beech decayed most rapidly, followed by Norway spruce and Scots pine sapwood. All appeared to be suitable for use as reference species, however slow-grown spruce should be avoided. There were no statistically significant correlations between ground contact decay rate and the Scheffer Climate Index (SCI). In above ground tests, differences in decay rate were largely related to differences in moisture dynamics. Species with the greatest absorption and retention of water decayed most rapidly. Test methods that absorbed and retained the most moisture (e.g. painted L-joints) resulted in more rapid decay. Above ground decay rate and SCI were significantly correlated in two data sets that had a wide range of SCI values. Correlations were not significant when only European test sites were included. Estimating decay rate from field testing results in highly variable data. Comparing data from global test sites is made more difficult by the absence of common field testing standards.",
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author = "R. Stirling and G. Alfredsen and C. Brischke and {De Windt}, I. and L.P. Francis and {Fr{\"u}hwald Hansson}, E. and M. Humar and J. Jermer and M. Klamer and M. Kutnik and P.E. Laks and Le, {Bayon I.} and S. Mets{\"a}-Kortelainen and L. Meyer-Veltrup and P.I. Morris and J. Norton and T. Singh and {Van Acker}, J. and {Van den Bulcke}, J. and T.M. Ven{\aa}s and H. Viitanen and A.H.H. Wong",
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Stirling, R, Alfredsen, G, Brischke, C, De Windt, I, Francis, LP, Frühwald Hansson, E, Humar, M, Jermer, J, Klamer, M, Kutnik, M, Laks, PE, Le, BI, Metsä-Kortelainen, S, Meyer-Veltrup, L, Morris, PI, Norton, J, Singh, T, Van Acker, J, Van den Bulcke, J, Venås, TM, Viitanen, H & Wong, AHH 2016, Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species. in 47th IRG Annual Meeting: Proceedings. 47th IRG Annual Meeting, Lisbon, Portugal, 15/05/16.

Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species. / Stirling, R.; Alfredsen, G.; Brischke, C.; De Windt, I.; Francis, L.P.; Frühwald Hansson, E.; Humar, M.; Jermer, J.; Klamer, M.; Kutnik, M.; Laks, P.E.; Le, Bayon I.; Metsä-Kortelainen, S.; Meyer-Veltrup, L.; Morris, P.I.; Norton, J.; Singh, T.; Van Acker, J.; Van den Bulcke, J.; Venås, T.M.; Viitanen, H.; Wong, A.H.H.

47th IRG Annual Meeting: Proceedings. 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species

AU - Stirling, R.

AU - Alfredsen, G.

AU - Brischke, C.

AU - De Windt, I.

AU - Francis, L.P.

AU - Frühwald Hansson, E.

AU - Humar, M.

AU - Jermer, J.

AU - Klamer, M.

AU - Kutnik, M.

AU - Laks, P.E.

AU - Le, Bayon I.

AU - Metsä-Kortelainen, S.

AU - Meyer-Veltrup, L.

AU - Morris, P.I.

AU - Norton, J.

AU - Singh, T.

AU - Van Acker, J.

AU - Van den Bulcke, J.

AU - Venås, T.M.

AU - Viitanen, H.

AU - Wong, A.H.H.

N1 - HUO: IRG/WP 16-20573

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Climate change due to anthropogenic emissions is the largest environmental challenge of our time. Forest-based value chains play an important role in reducing the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. Maximizing the use of wood to tackle climate change requires improved understanding of the service life of timber products. This information can best be obtained from field testing and while there is an abundance of field performance data from sites all over the world, most of the data are not available in a form that can be utilised for service life models. The IRG Durability Database aims to improve the usability of existing performance data and create added value for durability research and service life prediction. The present paper takes the first steps in comparing global field test performance data from the IRG Durability Database for non-durable reference species. Data were obtained from six species above ground and ground contact field tests from 36 sites around the world. For each dataset, decay rates and service life (where applicable) were calculated. Datasets were then grouped together based on test method and species. Decay rate was faster and more uniform in ground contact than above ground. In ground contact, beech decayed most rapidly, followed by Norway spruce and Scots pine sapwood. All appeared to be suitable for use as reference species, however slow-grown spruce should be avoided. There were no statistically significant correlations between ground contact decay rate and the Scheffer Climate Index (SCI). In above ground tests, differences in decay rate were largely related to differences in moisture dynamics. Species with the greatest absorption and retention of water decayed most rapidly. Test methods that absorbed and retained the most moisture (e.g. painted L-joints) resulted in more rapid decay. Above ground decay rate and SCI were significantly correlated in two data sets that had a wide range of SCI values. Correlations were not significant when only European test sites were included. Estimating decay rate from field testing results in highly variable data. Comparing data from global test sites is made more difficult by the absence of common field testing standards.

AB - Climate change due to anthropogenic emissions is the largest environmental challenge of our time. Forest-based value chains play an important role in reducing the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. Maximizing the use of wood to tackle climate change requires improved understanding of the service life of timber products. This information can best be obtained from field testing and while there is an abundance of field performance data from sites all over the world, most of the data are not available in a form that can be utilised for service life models. The IRG Durability Database aims to improve the usability of existing performance data and create added value for durability research and service life prediction. The present paper takes the first steps in comparing global field test performance data from the IRG Durability Database for non-durable reference species. Data were obtained from six species above ground and ground contact field tests from 36 sites around the world. For each dataset, decay rates and service life (where applicable) were calculated. Datasets were then grouped together based on test method and species. Decay rate was faster and more uniform in ground contact than above ground. In ground contact, beech decayed most rapidly, followed by Norway spruce and Scots pine sapwood. All appeared to be suitable for use as reference species, however slow-grown spruce should be avoided. There were no statistically significant correlations between ground contact decay rate and the Scheffer Climate Index (SCI). In above ground tests, differences in decay rate were largely related to differences in moisture dynamics. Species with the greatest absorption and retention of water decayed most rapidly. Test methods that absorbed and retained the most moisture (e.g. painted L-joints) resulted in more rapid decay. Above ground decay rate and SCI were significantly correlated in two data sets that had a wide range of SCI values. Correlations were not significant when only European test sites were included. Estimating decay rate from field testing results in highly variable data. Comparing data from global test sites is made more difficult by the absence of common field testing standards.

KW - durability

KW - field testing

KW - modelling

KW - service life prediction

KW - variability

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - 47th IRG Annual Meeting

ER -

Stirling R, Alfredsen G, Brischke C, De Windt I, Francis LP, Frühwald Hansson E et al. Global survey on durability variation - on the effect of the reference species. In 47th IRG Annual Meeting: Proceedings. 2016