Glycosylated benzoxazinoids are degraded during fermentation of wheat bran

Otto Savolainen (Corresponding Author), Jenna Pekkinen, Kati Katina, Kaisa Poutanen, Kati Hanhineva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Benzoxazinoids are plant secondary metabolites found in whole grain cereal foods including bread. They are bioavailable and metabolized in humans, and therefore their potential bioactivity is of interest. However, effects of food processing on their content and structure are not yet studied. This study reports effects of bioprocessing on wheat bran benzoxazinoid content. Benzoxazinoid glycosides were completely degraded during fermentation, whereas metabolites of benzoxazinoid aglycones were formed. Fermentation conditions did not affect the conversion process, as both yeast and yeast/lactic acid bacteria mediated fermentations had generally similar impacts. Likewise, enzymatic treatment of the bioprocess samples did not affect the conversion, suggesting that these compounds most likely are freely bioavailable from the grain matrix and not linked to the cell wall polymers. Additionally, the results show that benzoxazinoids undergo structural conversion during the fermentation process, resulting in several unknown compounds that contribute to the phytochemical intake and necessitate further analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5943-5949
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • benzoxazinoids
  • bioprocessing
  • mass spectrometry
  • metabolomics

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