Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC

Elina Yli-Rantala (Corresponding Author), Antti Pasanen, Pertti Kauranen, V. Ruiz, M. Borghei, E. Kauppinen, A. Oyarce, G. Lindbergh, C. Lagergren, M. Darab, S. Sunde, M. Thomassen, S. Ma-Andersen, E. Skou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphitised carbon nanofibres (G‐CNFs) show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance in PEM fuel cell environment over traditional carbon black (CB) and carbon nanotube catalyst supports. However, G‐CNFs have an inert surface with only very limited amount of surface defects for the anchorage of Pt catalyst nanoparticles. Modification of the fibre surface is therefore needed. In this study Pt nanoparticles have been deposited onto as‐received and surface‐modified G‐CNFs. The surface modifications of the fibres comprise acid treatment and nitrogen doping by pyrolysis of a polyaniline (PANI) precursor. The modified surfaces were studied by FTIR and XPS and the electrochemical characterization, including long‐term Pt stability tests, was performed using a low‐temperature PEMFC single cell. The performance and stability of the G‐CNF supported catalysts were compared with a CB supported catalyst and the effects of the different surface treatments were discussed. On the basis of these results, new membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were manufactured and tested also for carbon corrosion by in situ FTIR analysis of the cathode exhaust gases. It was observed that the G‐CNFs showed 5 times lower carbon corrosion compared to CB based catalyst when potential reached 1.5 V versus RHE in simulated start/stop cycling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-725
Number of pages11
JournalFuel Cells
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event2nd CARISMA International Conference “Progress in MEA Materials for Medium and High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells” - La Grande Motte, France
Duration: 19 Jul 201022 Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Carbon nanofibers
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Catalyst supports
Carbon black
Surface treatment
Corrosion
Nanoparticles
Catalysts
Carbon
Fibers
Surface defects
Polyaniline
Exhaust gases
Corrosion resistance
Fuel cells
Carbon nanotubes
Pyrolysis
Cathodes
Thermodynamic stability
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Carbon Corrosion
  • Carbon Nanofibres
  • Catalyst Stability
  • Catalyst Support
  • Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
  • Surface Modification

Cite this

Yli-Rantala, E., Pasanen, A., Kauranen, P., Ruiz, V., Borghei, M., Kauppinen, E., ... Skou, E. (2011). Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC. Fuel Cells, 11(6), 715-725. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201000180
Yli-Rantala, Elina ; Pasanen, Antti ; Kauranen, Pertti ; Ruiz, V. ; Borghei, M. ; Kauppinen, E. ; Oyarce, A. ; Lindbergh, G. ; Lagergren, C. ; Darab, M. ; Sunde, S. ; Thomassen, M. ; Ma-Andersen, S. ; Skou, E. / Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC. In: Fuel Cells. 2011 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 715-725.
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abstract = "Graphitised carbon nanofibres (G‐CNFs) show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance in PEM fuel cell environment over traditional carbon black (CB) and carbon nanotube catalyst supports. However, G‐CNFs have an inert surface with only very limited amount of surface defects for the anchorage of Pt catalyst nanoparticles. Modification of the fibre surface is therefore needed. In this study Pt nanoparticles have been deposited onto as‐received and surface‐modified G‐CNFs. The surface modifications of the fibres comprise acid treatment and nitrogen doping by pyrolysis of a polyaniline (PANI) precursor. The modified surfaces were studied by FTIR and XPS and the electrochemical characterization, including long‐term Pt stability tests, was performed using a low‐temperature PEMFC single cell. The performance and stability of the G‐CNF supported catalysts were compared with a CB supported catalyst and the effects of the different surface treatments were discussed. On the basis of these results, new membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were manufactured and tested also for carbon corrosion by in situ FTIR analysis of the cathode exhaust gases. It was observed that the G‐CNFs showed 5 times lower carbon corrosion compared to CB based catalyst when potential reached 1.5 V versus RHE in simulated start/stop cycling.",
keywords = "Carbon Corrosion, Carbon Nanofibres, Catalyst Stability, Catalyst Support, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell, Surface Modification",
author = "Elina Yli-Rantala and Antti Pasanen and Pertti Kauranen and V. Ruiz and M. Borghei and E. Kauppinen and A. Oyarce and G. Lindbergh and C. Lagergren and M. Darab and S. Sunde and M. Thomassen and S. Ma-Andersen and E. Skou",
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Yli-Rantala, E, Pasanen, A, Kauranen, P, Ruiz, V, Borghei, M, Kauppinen, E, Oyarce, A, Lindbergh, G, Lagergren, C, Darab, M, Sunde, S, Thomassen, M, Ma-Andersen, S & Skou, E 2011, 'Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC', Fuel Cells, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 715-725. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201000180

Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC. / Yli-Rantala, Elina (Corresponding Author); Pasanen, Antti; Kauranen, Pertti; Ruiz, V.; Borghei, M.; Kauppinen, E.; Oyarce, A.; Lindbergh, G.; Lagergren, C.; Darab, M.; Sunde, S.; Thomassen, M.; Ma-Andersen, S.; Skou, E.

In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 11, No. 6, 2011, p. 715-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Graphitised carbon nanofibres as catalyst support for PEMFC

AU - Yli-Rantala, Elina

AU - Pasanen, Antti

AU - Kauranen, Pertti

AU - Ruiz, V.

AU - Borghei, M.

AU - Kauppinen, E.

AU - Oyarce, A.

AU - Lindbergh, G.

AU - Lagergren, C.

AU - Darab, M.

AU - Sunde, S.

AU - Thomassen, M.

AU - Ma-Andersen, S.

AU - Skou, E.

N1 - Project code: 20545

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Graphitised carbon nanofibres (G‐CNFs) show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance in PEM fuel cell environment over traditional carbon black (CB) and carbon nanotube catalyst supports. However, G‐CNFs have an inert surface with only very limited amount of surface defects for the anchorage of Pt catalyst nanoparticles. Modification of the fibre surface is therefore needed. In this study Pt nanoparticles have been deposited onto as‐received and surface‐modified G‐CNFs. The surface modifications of the fibres comprise acid treatment and nitrogen doping by pyrolysis of a polyaniline (PANI) precursor. The modified surfaces were studied by FTIR and XPS and the electrochemical characterization, including long‐term Pt stability tests, was performed using a low‐temperature PEMFC single cell. The performance and stability of the G‐CNF supported catalysts were compared with a CB supported catalyst and the effects of the different surface treatments were discussed. On the basis of these results, new membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were manufactured and tested also for carbon corrosion by in situ FTIR analysis of the cathode exhaust gases. It was observed that the G‐CNFs showed 5 times lower carbon corrosion compared to CB based catalyst when potential reached 1.5 V versus RHE in simulated start/stop cycling.

AB - Graphitised carbon nanofibres (G‐CNFs) show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance in PEM fuel cell environment over traditional carbon black (CB) and carbon nanotube catalyst supports. However, G‐CNFs have an inert surface with only very limited amount of surface defects for the anchorage of Pt catalyst nanoparticles. Modification of the fibre surface is therefore needed. In this study Pt nanoparticles have been deposited onto as‐received and surface‐modified G‐CNFs. The surface modifications of the fibres comprise acid treatment and nitrogen doping by pyrolysis of a polyaniline (PANI) precursor. The modified surfaces were studied by FTIR and XPS and the electrochemical characterization, including long‐term Pt stability tests, was performed using a low‐temperature PEMFC single cell. The performance and stability of the G‐CNF supported catalysts were compared with a CB supported catalyst and the effects of the different surface treatments were discussed. On the basis of these results, new membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were manufactured and tested also for carbon corrosion by in situ FTIR analysis of the cathode exhaust gases. It was observed that the G‐CNFs showed 5 times lower carbon corrosion compared to CB based catalyst when potential reached 1.5 V versus RHE in simulated start/stop cycling.

KW - Carbon Corrosion

KW - Carbon Nanofibres

KW - Catalyst Stability

KW - Catalyst Support

KW - Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

KW - Surface Modification

U2 - 10.1002/fuce.201000180

DO - 10.1002/fuce.201000180

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 715

EP - 725

JO - Fuel Cells

JF - Fuel Cells

SN - 1615-6846

IS - 6

ER -