Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle

Johanna Kirkinen (Corresponding Author), Sampo Soimakallio, Tuula Mäkinen, Ilkka Savolainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-311
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Peat
Greenhouses
diesel
Life cycle
peat
life cycle
peatland
Raw materials
Electricity
electricity
fossil
Paper and pulp mills
Forestry
impact assessment
Gas emissions
Gasification
Greenhouse gases
Climate change
Energy efficiency
energy efficiency

Keywords

  • Fischer-Tropsch diesel
  • Greenhouse impact
  • Peat

Cite this

Kirkinen, Johanna ; Soimakallio, Sampo ; Mäkinen, Tuula ; Savolainen, Ilkka. / Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle. In: Energy Policy. 2010 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 301-311.
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abstract = "New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.",
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Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle. / Kirkinen, Johanna (Corresponding Author); Soimakallio, Sampo; Mäkinen, Tuula; Savolainen, Ilkka.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2010, p. 301-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle

AU - Kirkinen, Johanna

AU - Soimakallio, Sampo

AU - Mäkinen, Tuula

AU - Savolainen, Ilkka

PY - 2010

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AB - New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.

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