Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle

Johanna Kirkinen (Corresponding Author), Sampo Soimakallio, Tuula Mäkinen, Ilkka Savolainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)301-311
    Number of pages11
    JournalEnergy Policy
    Volume38
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Peat
    Greenhouses
    diesel
    Life cycle
    peat
    life cycle
    peatland
    Raw materials
    Electricity
    electricity
    fossil
    Paper and pulp mills
    Forestry
    impact assessment
    Gas emissions
    Gasification
    Greenhouse gases
    Climate change
    Energy efficiency
    energy efficiency

    Keywords

    • Fischer-Tropsch diesel
    • Greenhouse impact
    • Peat

    Cite this

    Kirkinen, Johanna ; Soimakallio, Sampo ; Mäkinen, Tuula ; Savolainen, Ilkka. / Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle. In: Energy Policy. 2010 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 301-311.
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    title = "Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle",
    abstract = "New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.",
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    Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle. / Kirkinen, Johanna (Corresponding Author); Soimakallio, Sampo; Mäkinen, Tuula; Savolainen, Ilkka.

    In: Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2010, p. 301-311.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Greenhouse impact assessment of peat-based Fischer-Tropsch diesel life-cycle

    AU - Kirkinen, Johanna

    AU - Soimakallio, Sampo

    AU - Mäkinen, Tuula

    AU - Savolainen, Ilkka

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.

    AB - New raw materials for transportation fuels need to be introduced, in order to fight against climate change and also to cope with increasing risks of availability and price of oil. Peat has been recognised suitable raw material option for diesel produced by gasification and Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis. The energy content of Finnish peat reserves is remarkable. In this study, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel production and utilisation in Finland was assessed from the life-cycle point of view. In 100 year's time horizon the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel is likely larger than the impact of fossil diesel. The impact can somewhat be lowered by producing peat from the agricultural peatland (strong greenhouse gas emissions from the decaying peatlayer are avoided) with new peat production technique, and utilising the produced biomass from the after-treatment area for diesel also. If diesel production is integrated with pulp and paper mill to achieve energy efficiency benefits and if the electricity demand can be covered by zero emission electricity, the greenhouse impact of peat-based FT diesel reduces to the level of fossil diesel when agricultural peatland is used, and is somewhat higher when forestry-drained peatland is used as raw material source.

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