Growth by integrating bioeconomy and low-carbon economy: Scenarios for Finland until 2050

Antti Arasto (Editor), Tiina Koljonen (Editor), Lassi Similä (Editor), Eija Alakangas (Contributor), Antti Arasto (Contributor), Elina Hakkarainen (Contributor), Ali Harlin (Contributor), Juha Honkatukia (Contributor), Petteri Kangas (Contributor), Tiina Koljonen (Contributor), Esa Kurkela (Contributor), Raija Lantto (Contributor), Antti Lehtilä (Contributor), Tiina Liitiä (Contributor), Jussi Manninen (Contributor), Kristian Melin (Contributor), Klaus Niemelä (Contributor), Emilia Nordlund (Contributor), Anja Oasmaa (Contributor), Kristin Onarheim (Contributor)Pasi Vainikka

Research output: Book/ReportReport


Bioeconomy refers to the various sectors of primary production, such us agriculture, forests and fisheries, and industrial sectors, which transform bio-resources to bio-products. Industrial sectors in bioeconomy cover food and feed industries, cellulose, paper and wood processing industries, bio-refineries, chemical and energy industries, and also the marine and maritime sectors. In addition, bioeconomy includes ecosystem services of nature, such as recreation and wellbeing as well as tourism. In this report, the primary focus is to analyse how to achieve full bioeconomy potential and bridge the on-going research to industrial implementation. In the analysis, we have mainly focused on forestry and forest industries, agriculture and food industries, as well as on bioenergy and biofuels. The aim has been to illustrate effective bioeconomy pathways and the impacts of accelerated R&D and related investments in bioeconomy on Finland’s welfare and greenhouse gas mitigation. The analysis is based on views and synthesis of a large group of VTT’s experts in the fields of forest and food industries, biomaterials, clean energy, and scenario modelling.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages60
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8699-8
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8698-1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Visions


  • bioeconomy
  • low-carbon
  • scenario
  • energy
  • forest industry
  • agriculture
  • food industry
  • bionenergy
  • biofuels

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